Anthropology Department

The field of anthropology seeks to promote a holistic understanding of social life by offering complex accounts of human histories, societies and cultures. Anthropologists undertake ethnographic, archival, and archaeological research on the varied aspects of individual and collective experience in all time periods and parts of the world. The Department of Anthropology offers a wide range of options for majors and for nonmajors in recognition of the broad interdisciplinary nature of the field. Nonmajors from all classes may choose courses at any level 
with permission of the instructor and without introductory anthropology as a prerequisite.

Requirements for Concentration: 12 units including Anthropology 140, 201, 301, and two additional 300-level Anthropology seminars. It is required that students take Anthropology 201 by the end of their junior year and highly recommended that they take it in their sophomore year. Anthropology 140 is a prerequisite or co-requisite for Anthropology 201. Students are required to take courses in at least three of the four fields of anthropology—archaeology, biological anthropology, cultural anthropology, and linguistics. Students are also required to achieve familiarity with the peoples and cultures of at least two areas of the world. This requirement can be met by taking any two courses in the range from Anthropology 235-244. The remaining courses are to be chosen from among the departmental offerings in consultation with the adviser in order to give the student both a strong focus within anthropology and an overall understanding of the field. With the consent of the adviser, students may petition the department to take up to 2 of the 12 required units in courses outside the department which are related to their focus. Once a course plan has been devised, it must be approved by the department faculty.

NRO: One introductory course taken NRO may count towards the major if a letter grade is received. If a student receives a PA for an introductory course taken under the NRO option, that student must complete 13 courses for an anthropology major. No other required courses for the major may be taken NRO.

Requirements for a Correlate Sequence: 6 units to include 1 unit at the 100-level and 2 units at the 300-level. Courses should be chosen in consultation with an anthropology department adviser in order to a) complement the student’s major and b) form a coherent focus within anthropology. Examples of possible concentrations include: cultural studies, expressive culture, human evolution, archaeology, language and communication. One introductory course taken NRO may count towards the correlate sequence if a letter grade is received. If a student receives a PA for an introductory course taken under the NRO option, that student must complete seven courses for an anthropology correlate sequence. No other required courses for the correlate sequence may be taken NRO. Limit of one course, accepted for the student's major, will be accepted as an overlap for the correlate sequence.

Recommendations: The field experience is essential to the discipline of anthropology. Therefore, majors are urged to take at least one fieldwork course, to engage in field research during the summer, and/or to undertake independent fieldwork under a study away program.

Anthropological Research Experience: The department also offers students the opportunity for independent fieldwork/research projects through several of its courses and in conjunction with on-going faculty research projects. Opportunities for laboratory research, which is also critical to anthropological inquiry, are available in our archaeology, biological anthropology, sound analysis, and digital video editing labs.

Advisers: The department.

I. Introductory

100a. Archaeology (1)

Archaeologists study the material evidence of past human cultures. In this course students learn how archaeologists dig up physical remains, tools, and houses and use these data to reconstruct and understand past cultures. The methods and theory behind archaeological recovery, problem solving and interpretation are learned through the use of selected site reports, articles from all over the world, and hands on experimentation. Ms. Gonzalez.

120a. Human Origins (1)

This course introduces current and historical debates in the study of human evolution. Primate studies, genetics, the fossil record and paleoecology are drawn upon to address such issues as the origins and nature of human cognition, sexuality, and population variation. Ms. Pike-Tay.

140. a and b. Cultural Anthropology (1)

An introduction to central concepts, methods, and findings in cultural anthropology, including culture, cultural difference, the interpretation of culture, and participant-observation. The course uses cross-cultural comparison to question scholarly and commonsense understandings of human nature. Topics may include sexuality, kinship, political and economic systems, myth, ritual and cosmology, and culturally varied ways of constructing race, gender, and ethnicity. Students undertake small research projects and explore different styles of ethnographic writing. Ms. Kaplan, Ms. Lowe Swift.

150. a and b. Linguistics and Anthropology (1)

This course provides the student with a practical introduction to structuralist methods of linguistic analysis. There is a focus on both theoretical discussions about, and practical exercises in, the phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics of natural human languages. Additional topics include: the acquisition of linguistic and communicative competence; the relationship between human language and other animal communication systems; and cultural and social dimensions of language variation (including the study of regional and social dialects, code switching and mixing, speaking styles, registers, and idiolects). The course is intended both as the College's general introduction to formal linguistics and as a foundation for more advanced courses in related areas. Mr. Tavárez.

170a. Topics in Anthropology (1)

This course provides the student with an introduction to anthropology through a focus on a particular issue or aspect of human experience. Topics vary, but may include Anthropology through Film, American Popular Culture, Extinctions, Peoples of the World. The department.

Open only to freshmen. Satisfies requirement for a Freshmen Writing Seminar.

Not offered 2009/10.

180b. Ethnography and Detective Fiction (1)

This course teaches concepts of cultural anthropology through the lens of detective fiction. It studies detective fiction from the development of the nineteenth century classic detective story to its most recent forms, focusing on novels in which indigenous detectives solve mysteries through their knowledge of their cultures. This particular genre of detective fiction can be considered "ethnographic" because of its reliance on local detectives operating as participant observers in their surrounding cultures. Detective novels are paired with relevant readings from the anthropological canon. Ms. Goldstein.

Satisfies the requirement for introductory-level cultural anthropology.

II. Intermediate

201b. Anthropological Theory (1)

In this course we explore the history of intellectual innovations that make anthropology distinctive among the social sciences. We seek to achieve an analytic perspective on the history of the discipline and also to consider the social and political contexts, and consequences, of anthropology's theory. While the course is historical and chronological in organization, we read major theoretical and ethnographic works that form the background to debates and issues in contemporary anthropology. Ms. Kaplan.

Prerequisite or co-requisite: Anthropology 140.

212b. AWorld Musics (1)

(Same as Music 212b.) Ms. Chacko.

Prerequisite: Music 136, or by permission of instructor.

231b. Topics in Archaeology (1)

An examination of topics of interest in current archaeological analysis. We examine the anthropological reasons for such analyses, how analysis proceeds, what has been discovered to date through such analyses, and what the future of the topic seems to be. Possible topics include tools and human behavior, lithic technology, the archaeology of death, prehistoric settlement systems, origins of material culture.

Topic for 2011/12 b: Tools and Human Behavior. (Same as Science, Technology and Society 231) Humans are obligate tools users. For the last 2 million years humans have evolved in concert with tools and all human interactions with the environment are mediated by technology. This course examines theories of technological change, drawing upon scholarship in anthropology, the history of technology, economic history, and evolutionary theory. Also considered are the ways in which people, individually and in groups, interact with raw materials to transform them into artifacts, use these artifacts and then redeposit them in the natural environment. Ms. Johnson.

May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.

Prerequisite: prior coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.

232b. Topics in Biological Anthropology (1)

This course covers topics within the broad field of biological (or physical) anthropology ranging from evolutionary theory to the human fossil record to the identification of human skeletal remains from crime scenes and accidents. Bioanthropology conceptualizes cultural behavior as an integral part of our behavior as a species. Topics covered in this course may include human evolution, primate behavior, population genetics, human demography and variation, or forensic anthropology.

May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.

Topic for 2011/12b: Function and Evolution of the Human Skeleton. The skeleton is the most useful single structure in the body as an indicator of general body form and function. Muscles, tendons and ligaments leave marks where they attach to bones, and from such marks we can assess the form and size of the body's soft anatomy and function. Studies of fossil bones and teeth are direct behavioral indicators; providing information regarding diet, locomotor patterns, and health status of the animals of which they were a part. In this course we learn the bones and landmarks of the human skeleton and compare the anatomy and physiology of living animals-- especially monkeys and apes--with those of living humans to enhance our understanding of the relationship between form and function. In addition, the evolution of the skeletal functional morphology of the primate order is emphasized throughout the course. Ms. Johnson.

Two 75-minute periods.

Prerequisites: Anthropology 120, Biology 226, or permission of instructor.

235. Area Studies in Prehistory (1)

This course is a detailed, intensive investigation of archaeological remains from a particular geographic region of the world. The area investigated varies from year to year and includes such areas as Eurasia, North America, and the native civilizations of Central and South America.

May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.

Prerequisites: Prior coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.

240b. Cultural Localities (1)

Detailed study of the cultures of people living in a particular area of the world, including their politics, economy, worldview, religion, expressive practices, and historical transformations. Included is a critical assessment of different approaches to the study of culture. Areas covered vary from year to year and may include Europe, Africa, North America, and India.

May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.

(Same as Latin American and Latino/a Studies 240) Topic for 2011/12b: The Hispanic Caribbean. This course focuses its study of the Caribbean on the region’s generally Spanish-speaking countries: Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Dominican Republic. While these three countries have had very different political trajectories, they have in common their history as Spanish colonies, their language, as well as migrations within the region and to the US. This course explores these relationships using research in anthropology, as well as literary works, music, and visual media. The course begins by considering colonial relationships with Spain, continues with a focus on political changes in the 20th century (including their varying relationships with the US), and finalizes by looking at migratory movements within these countries and to the US in the present. Attention to the history of the region helps us place the Hispanic Caribbean within the rest of the Caribbean context, within Latin America, and within the whole of the American continent more generally. By combining a focus on politics, everyday life, and migrations we complicate understandings of current debates concerning the concept of Caribbean ethnicities and racial identities, media representations of Caribbean Latinas in the US, language politics, as well as Caribbean Latina gender and sexualities. Ms. Feliciano-Santos.

241. The Caribbean (1)

An overview of the cultures of the Caribbean, tracing the impact of slavery and colonialism on contemporary experiences and expressions of Caribbean identity. Using ethnographies, historical accounts, literature, music, and film, the course explores the multiple meanings of ‘Caribbean,' as described in historical travel accounts and contemporary tourist brochures, as experienced in daily social, political, and economic life, and as expressed through cultural events such as calypso contests and Festival, and cultural-political movements such as Rastafarianism. Although the course deals primarily with the English-speaking Caribbean, it also includes materials on the French and Spanish speaking Caribbean and on diasporic Caribbean communities in the U.S. and U.K. Ms. Cohen.

Prerequisite: Previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.

245a. The Ethnographer's Craft (1)

(Same as Urban Studies 245a.) This course introduces students to the methods employed in constructing and analyzing ethnographic materials through readings, classroom lectures, and discussions with regular field exercises. Students gain experience in participant-observation, fieldnote-taking, interviewing, survey sampling, symbolic analysis, the use of archival documents, and the use of contemporary media. Attention is also given to current concerns with interpretation and modes of representation. Throughout the semester, students practice skills they learn in the course as they design, carry out, and write up original ethnographic projects. Ms. Lowe Swift.

247a. Modern Social Theory: Marx, Durkheim, and Weber (1)

(Same as Sociology 247a) Ms. Moon.

250a or b. Language, Culture, and Society (1)

This course draws on a wide range of theoretical perspectives in exploring a particular problem, emphasizing the contribution of linguistics and linguistic anthropology to issues that bear on research in a number of disciplines. At issue in each selected course topic are the complex ways in which cultures, societies, and individuals are interrelated in the act of using language within and across particular speech communities.

Topic for 2011/12a: Language and Belief. What makes particular practices extraordinary? Supernatural? Sacred? Divine? Magical? How do belief and faith become successfully expressed and enacted? This course employs cross-cultural cases and anthropological analyses to examine how language and cultural practices are involved in the expression and interpretation of belief. We focus on various aspects of belief, faith and religion: religious talk, ritual performances, spiritual embodiments, metaphysical knowledge, and transformations from the everyday into the extraordinary. We also address how beliefs become manifested and embodied, and analyze how the linguistic and cultural dimensions of belief transform people, spaces, and things. This class requires us to be open-minded and respectful of differing opinions and practices, as well as conscientious of not unilaterally privileging our own experiences, in order to pursue anthropological insights into the multiple expressions and materializations of belief. Ms. Feliciano-Santos.

Topic for 2011/12b: Mediation and Media. What is “media”? This course deals with this question by exploring the concept of mediation with an emphasis on how experience is negotiated more generally. The first part of the course examines how we engage with, interpret, and share what we sense. The second part of the course, by discussing the social aspects of production and our interpretation of media, specifically addresses how others participate in the process of shaping our experiences. These discussions include the cross-cultural aspects of interpretation, the politics of particular kinds of representations, and the socioeconomics of circulation and consumption. The third part of the course uses our new interpretive toolset to examine specific media forms, such as film, photography, music, news, and internet technologies. The course’s different analytical dimensions (attention to the senses, the process of mediation, and specific media forms) prepare students to critically examine the production, circulation, and evaluation of a particular media form for a final research project. Ms. Feliciano-Santos.

May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.

Prerequisite: Anthropology 150 or permission of instructor.

255. Language and Gender (1)

How do gender identities influence language use, language and power, and ideas about language? This course presents a systematic survey of anthropological and linguistic approaches to this set of questions. The course is organized as a cross-cultural survey of several approaches—from ground-breaking feminist linguistic anthropology to contemporary debates on gender as performance, lesbian, gay, bisexual and transsexual/transgender identities, and gender, class and hegemony—that investigate the multiple rapports among gender identities, socialization, language use in private and public spheres, social norms, and gendered forms of authority. Students have an opportunity to learn about linguistic anthropology methods and design a research project. Mr. Tavárez.

259. Soundscapes: Anthropology of Music (1)

(Same as Music 259) This course investigates a series of questions about the relationship between music and the individuals and societies that perform and listen to it. In other words, music is examined and appreciated as a form of human expression existing within and across specific cultural contexts. The course takes an interdisciplinary approach to the social life of music, addressing historical themes and debates within multiple academic fields via readings, recordings, and films. Mr. Rios.

Prerequisites: prior coursework in Anthropology or Music, or by permission of instructor.

Not offered in 2011/12.

260a. or b. Current Themes in Anthropological Theory and Method (1)

The focus is upon particular cultural sub-systems and their study in cross-cultural perspective. The sub-system selected varies from year to year. Examples include: kinship systems, political organizations, religious beliefs and practices, verbal and nonverbal communication.

May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.

Prerequisite: previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.

Topic for 2011/12a: Anthropological Approaches to the Study of Food.Considering the wide array of nutritional possibilities, why do people select certain food sources and reject others and what are the social and cultural implications of their choices? Food is embedded in symbolic, social, and ecological systems; it indexes our histories, belief systems, social positioning, geographies, as well as national culture. In this course, students explore social practices around food and eating, and how anthropologists approach such topics as “sustainable” farming, "fast" and "slow" food, and the role of food in the construction of identity and locality. In addition to class meetings, weekly fieldwork is required. Ms. Lowe Swift.

Topic for 2011/12b: Local Politics and Global Commodities. This course brings together the anthropological study of things and their value and the anthropology of globalization by focusing on local cultural and political impacts of participation in global markets, with special interest in the cultural politics of the nation-state. Theoretical approaches introduced come from the contrasting traditions of Karl Marx and Marcel Mauss, and from the unconventional science studies approach of anthropologist Bruno Latour who traces participation in circulation from the objects’ point of view. Topics include history of sugar production in colonial plantation societies and consumption in industrializing Europe; the 20th century global soft drink market, with focus on US and Pacific consumption; and recent work on the emergence of bottled water as a global commodity with special focus on water waste, water imagery, and water care in postcolonial Fiji, Singapore and the US. In addition to research based on secondary sources, students in the class have the opportunity to do some research on our own local politics and global commodities. Ms. Kaplan.

262. Anthropological Approaches to Myth, Ritual and Symbol (1)

What is the place of myth, ritual and symbol in human social life? Do symbols reflect reality, or create it? This course considers answers to these questions in social theory (Marx, Freud and Durkheim) and in major anthropological approaches (functionalism, structuralism, and symbolic anthropology). It then reviews current debates in interpretive anthropology about order and change, power and resistance, and the role of ritual in the making of history. Ethnographic studies include Fiji, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, sixteenth century Italy, the Seneca, and the U.S. Ms. Kaplan.

Prerequisite: previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.

263. Anthropology Goes to the Movies: Film, Video, and Ethnography (1)

(Same as Media Studies 263) This course examines how film and video are used in ethnography as tools for study and as means of ethnographic documentary and representation. Topics covered include history and theory of visual anthropology, issues of representation and audience, indigenous film, and contemporary ethnographic approaches to popular media. Ms. Cohen.

Prerequisite: previous coursework in Anthropology or Film or Media Studies or by permission of instructor.

Two 75-minute class periods, plus 3-hour preview lab.

264a. Anthropology of Art (1)

The Anthropology of Art explores the practices of producing and interpreting art. The course moves from classic analyses of the form and function of art in the work of Franz Boas, through ethnoaesthetics, to the developing world market in the art objects traditionally studied by anthropologists. Among the topics explored in the course are connoisseurship and taste, authenticity, "primitive art," and the ethnographic museum. Ms. Goldstein.

Prerequisite: previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.

266b. Indigenous and Oppositional Media (1)

(Same as Media Studies 266b.) As audiovisual and digital media technologies proliferate and become more accessible globally, they become important tools for indigenous peoples and activist groups in struggles for recognition and self-determination, for articulating community concerns and for furthering social and political transformations. This course explores the media practices of indigenous peoples and activist groups, and through this exploration achieves a more nuanced and intricate understanding of the relation of the local to the global. In addition to looking at the films, videos, radio and television productions, and Internet interventions of indigenous media makers and activists around the world, the course looks at oppositional practices employed in the consumption and distribution of media. Course readings are augmented by weekly screenings and demonstrations of media studied, and students explore key theoretical concepts through their own interventions, making use of audiovisual and digital technologies. Ms. Cohen.

Two 75-minute class periods, plus 3-hour preview lab.

290a or b. Field Work (1/2 or 1.5)

Individual or group field projects or internships. May be elected during the college year or during the summer. Open to all students. The department.

297b. Reading Course in Archaeological Field Methods (1/2)

Ms. Johnson.

298a or b. Independent Work (1/2 or 1)

Individual or group project of reading or research. May be elected during the college year or during the summer. The department.

III. Advanced

300a or b. Senior Thesis (1)

The department.

301a. Senior Seminar (1)

A close examination of current theory in anthropology, oriented around a topic of general interest, such as history and anthropology, the writing of ethnography, or the theory of practice. Students write a substantial paper applying one or more of the theories discussed in class. Readings change from year to year. Ms. Goldstein.

305a. Topics in Advanced Biological Anthropology (1)

An examination of such topics as primate structure and behavior, the Plio-Pleistocene hominids, the final evolution of Homo sapiens sapiens, forensic anthropology, and human biological diversity.

May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.

Prerequisite: Anthropology 232 or by permission of the instructor.

Topic for 2011/12a: Primate Studies. The major part of this course provides an indepth review of the evolutionary history, zoogeography, comparative anatomy, biomolecular relatedness, behavioral ecology, and social organization of non-human primates. Secondarily, it considers why, for more than a century, monkeys and apes have been given special status as mirrors of humanity's pre-rational and pre-cultural origins. The history of primate studies is considered in light of the competing objectives of disciplines ranging from Psychology to Sociology to Cultural Anthropology to Paleoanthropology. Ms. Pike-Tay

331b. Seminar in Archaeological Method and Theory (1)

The theoretical underpinnings of anthropological archaeology and the use of theory in studying particular bodies of data. The focus ranges from examination of published data covering topics such as architecture and society, the origin of complex society, the relationship between technology and ecology to more laboratory-oriented examination of such topics as archaeometry, archaeozoology, or lithic technology.

Prerequisites: 200-level work in archaeology or by permission of instructor.

May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.

(Same as American Culture 331)

Topic for 2011/12b: Community and Public Archaeology. As anthropologists and archaeologists rethink their relationship and responsibility to both the public and the communities they study, the field of community and public archaeology merges the academics of anthropology (research, teaching and academic dialogue) with civic engagement and social action. This course examines how public archaeologists have applied the theories and methodologies used in community-based research to archeology education and community-related heritage projects. This course imagines public and community archaeology as a means for using archaeology for a practical purpose and in support of the public good; developing more inclusive and representative interpretations of the past; and integrating community goals and perspectives into the process of research and interpretation. Case-studies highlight the diversity of public outreach projects established by archaeologists in the United States, Mexico, Turkey, Canada, England, and Honduras. Ms. Gonzalez.

350b. Confronting Modernity (1)

(Same as Jewish Studies 350) Topic for 2011-12: Memoirs and Modernities: Middle Eastern Jewish Autobiographical Narratives in Context. This course explores the lived worlds of Jewish communities in the Middle East from the nineteenth century to the present through autobiographical narratives, supported by a number of other genres including oral and written histories, ethnographies, and material and visual sources. We study how individual and community identities have been formed and transformed in various locales in the modern period, examining contact with foreign travelers, educators and colonizers; the rise of nationalism; and the development of the mass media. The course concludes with memoirs and ethnographic studies of post-revolutionary Iran. Ms. Goldstein.

351a.and b. Language and Expressive Culture (1)

This seminar provides the advanced student with an intensive investigation of theoretical and practical problems in specific areas of research that relate language and linguistics to expressive activity. Although emphasizing linguistic modes of analysis and argumentation, the course is situated at the intersection of important intellectual crosscurrents in the arts, humanities, and social sciences that focus on how culture is produced and projected through not only verbal, but also musical, material, kinaesthetic, and dramatic arts. Each topic culminates in independent research projects.

May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.

Prerequisite: previous coursework in linguistics or by permission of instructor.

Topic for 2011/12a:Language, Ideology, and Power. What is the relationship between theories of power and language? Our first task is to excavate and articulate key theories of power in Western thought in order to apply them to the analysis of human communication. Secondly, we investigate the matrix between ideology and language as an entry into language ideology, a prevalent theoretical paradigm in the linguistic anthropology of recent decades. Topic may include: discourse theory, language philosophy, pragmatics, sociolinguistics, language and identity, performativity, as well as language politics and policy. Previous coursework in philosophy, literary theory, or social theory at the 200 or 300 level is strongly encouraged. Mr. Mercado.

Topic for 2011/12b: Language, Culture, and Society. How are speaking and our talk about speech related to making social identities (such as ‘race,’ ‘class,’ ‘gender,’ to name a few)? Using cases from the US and around the world, this course explores how language is used in different social and cultural contexts. We ask: How are social inclusion and social discrimination related to how people use language and how they evaluate others’ use of language? When, for example, people evaluate some spoken dialects as “nonsense,” they often think that they are referring to a larger linguistic truth that reflects something about the inner qualities of the speaker itself—such as whether they are intelligent or logical. However, by looking at research in linguistic anthropology and sociolinguistics, we see that these evaluations are far from objective. Instead, we consider how such evaluations emerge out of specific social hierarchies and institutions. The course studies language in the context of social practice, power, history, nationalism, stereotypes, ethnicity, race, gender, and discrimination, as well as in language policy, official language movements, and multilingualism. Ms. Feliciano-Santos.

360a or b. Problems in Cultural Analysis (1)

Covers a variety of current issues in modern anthropology in terms of ongoing discussion among scholars of diverse opinions rather than a rigid body of fact and theory. The department.

May be repeated for credit if topic has changed.

Prerequisites: Previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.

(Same as Asian Studies 360a.) Topic for 2011/12 a: Decolonizing Rituals.Focusing on political rituals of the decolonization era, this course examines the power of symbols in shaping world history. While referring to classic works on ritual, the course draws its theoretical questions from the literature on ritual and agency (with special attention to the anthropology of new rituals) and from the literature on decolonization and the nation-state. Following a section on colonial rituals, the course considers six kinds of decolonizing rituals: anti-colonial rituals, independence and national rituals, end of empire rituals, rituals of global governance, rituals of NGOs and rituals of US power. The course thus also includes study of specific histories of colonialism and post-coloniality, particularly in the Americas, South Asia, Southern Africa and the Pacific. It comparatively considers transformations in the former British empire generally, and also considers rituals (from the Olympics to the UN) of global scope. Additionally, students may address areas and decolonizing ritual histories of special interest to them through research papers and group class presentations. Ms. Kaplan.

Topic for 2011/12b: Women in Anthropology. (Same as Women's Studies 360b.) In this course, we consider the history of cultural anthropological thought from the perspectives of women in the field from the early twentieth century to the present. Through an examination of primary works, biographies, and critical histories, we explore the participation and contribution of women anthropologists to debates and theoretical approaches engaged by the field. Theorists may include Audrey Richards, Ruth Benedict, Margaret Mead, Zora Neale Hurston, Micaela di Leonardo, Annette Weiner, Faye Harrison and Lila Abu Lughod. Ms. Lowe Swift.

361. Consumer Culture (1)

An examination of classic and recent work on the culture of consumption. Among the topics we study are gender and consumption, the creation of value, commodity fetishism, the history of the department store, and the effect of Western goods on non-Western societies. Ms. Goldstein.

Prerequisite: previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.

Not offered in 2011/12.

363. Nations, Globalization, and Post-Coloniality (1)

(Same as International Studies 363) How do conditions of globalization and dilemmas of post-coloniality challenge the nation-state? Do they also reinforce and reinvent it? This course engages three related topics and literatures; recent anthropology of the nation-state; the anthropology of colonial and post-colonial societies; and the anthropology of global institutions and global flows. Ms. Kaplan.

Prerequisite: previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.

364a.Travelers and Tourists (1)

The seminar explores tourism in the context of a Western tradition of travel and as a complex cultural, economic and political phenomenon with profound impacts locally and globally. Using contemporary tourism theory, ethnographic studies of tourist locales, contemporary and historical travel narratives, travelogues, works of fiction, post cards and travel brochures, we consider tourism as a historically specific cultural practice whose meaning and relation to structures of power varies over time and context; as a performance; as one of many global mobilities; as embodied activity; as it is informed by mythic and iconic representations and embedded in Western notions of self and other. We also address issues pertaining to the culture of contemporary tourism, the commoditization of culture, the relation between tourism development and national identity and the prospects for an environmentally and culturally sustainable tourism. Ms. Cohen.

Prerequisite: previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.

One 3-hour period.

Not offered in 2012/13.

380. Sound Seminar (1)

This seminar is a theoretical and practical examination of the acoustic, perceptual, and cultural dimensions of aural phenomena. Topics covered include: the cultural history of sound; architectural acoustics; ethnographic and documentary sound recording; "soundscape" work that sits at the intersection of environmentalism and art; and field recording techniques. A major goal of the course is to use the readings as a background to the collaborative construction of a Mid-Hudson Sound Map. Students build a Google Map-based interface and repository for recordings (oral histories, ambient sounds, etc.) and make audio field recordings at multiple sites throughout the Poughkeepsie and Mid-Hudson region during the semester. The goal of the map project is to establish the beginnings of an aural exploration of the history, culture, politics, arts, and environment of Vassar's larger environs by creating and providing initial auditory content for a taggable system that will become the basis of an ongoing and expanding documentary sound map project. Mr. Porcello.

Permission of instructor

384. Amerindian Religion/Resistance (1)

(Same as Latin American Latino/a Studies 384) The conquest of the Americas was accompanied by various intellectual and sociopolitical projects devised to translate, implant, or impose Christian beliefs in Amerindian societies. This course examines modes of resistance and accommodation, among other indigenous responses, to the introduction of Christianity as part of larger colonial projects. Through a succession of case studies from North America, Mesoamerica, the Caribbean, the Andes, and Paraguay, we analyze the impact of Christian colonial and postcolonial evangelization projects on indigenous languages, religious practices, literary genres, social organization and gender roles, and examine contemporary indigenous religious practices. Mr. Tavarez.

Prerequisite: prior coursework in Anthropology or Latin American Latino/a Studies or permission of the instructor.

One 2-hour meeting.

399a or b. Senior Independent Work (1/2 or 1)

Individual or group project of reading or research. May be elected during the college year or during the summer. The department