Sociology Department

Professors: William Hoynes, Eileen Leonard, Marque Miringoff; Associate Professors: Pinar Batur, Diane Harriford (Chair), Robert McAulay; Assistant ­Professors: Light Carruyo, Miranda Martinezb, Seungsook Moon, Leonard Nevareza.

a Absent on leave, first semester.

b Absent on leave, second semester.

Requirements for Concentration: 10 1/2 units, including Sociology 151, 247, 254, 3 units at the 300-level, including Sociology 300a-301b.

After declaration of major, no NRO work is permissible in the major.

Senior-Year Requirements: Sociology 300a-301b (for a total of 1 full unit of credit), a senior thesis under the supervision of a member of the department.

Recommendations: Field Work 290.

Advisers: The department.

Related Links

I. Introductory

151a or b. Introductory Sociology (1)

An introduction to the concepts of sociology rooted in the ideas and thinkers of the classical tradition, exploring their historical meaning and contemporary relevance. The department.

Open to all classes. Required of majors.

187a. The Reinvention of Community (1)

The "end of community" is a key theme in sociological tradition. Contemporary worries about the decline of trust, and everyday civility, as well as the problems of social isolation and polarization all have a lineage extending back to before the industrial revolution. More recently, proponents of a "community reinvented" have countered the apocalyptic "end" scenario, by showing the many different places and sources where community is being newly reconceptualized. In the course, the class examines competing ideas about the nature of community, and how the concept is used and abused in contemporary American discourse.

Fulfills the Freshman Course Requirement.

II. Intermediate

Sociology 151 is a prerequisite for all intermediate courses.

206a. Social Change in the Black Community (1)

(Same as Africana Studies 206b)

210b. Domestic Violence (1)

This course provides a general overview of the prevalence and dynamics of domestic violence in the United States and its effects on battered women. We examine the role of the Battered Women’s Movement in both the development of societal awareness about domestic violence and in the initiation of legal sanctions against it. We also explore and discuss, both from a historical and present day perspective, ways in which our culture covertly and overtly condones the abuse of women by their intimate partners. Ms. DePorto.

215b. Perspectives on Deviant Subculture (1)

Sociology as a discipline offers a variety of perspectives on deviance. In recent years mainstream approaches-Functionalism, Conflict Theory, Social Constructionism and Labeling Theory-have been supplemented by Cultural Studies (Gramscian Marxism) and Post Structuralism (including the ideas of Michel Foucault). These different ways of seeing, analyzing, and interpreting “deviance” are deployed in this course by focusing on various marginal communities and deviant subcultures. In particular we look at traditional as well as new religious movements, bohemian subcultures, and music­ centered youth culture (punk, hip hop). Other relevant examples and case studies are explored on a selected basis. Mr. McAulay.

[229b. Black Intellectual History] (1)

(Same as Africana Studies 229b.) Ms. Harriford.

Not offered in 2004/05.

234a. Disability and Society (1)

(Same as Science, Technology and Society 234b) The vision of disability has changed radically over the past twenty years. Public policies have been legislated, language has been altered, opportunities have been rethought, a social movement has emerged, problems of discrimination, oppression, and prejudice have been highlighted, and social thinkers have addressed a wide range of issues relating to the representation and portrayal of people with disabilities. This course examines these issues, focusing on the emergence of the disability rights movement, the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act, the various debates over American Sign Language, “deaf culture,” and the student uprising at Gallaudet University and how writers and artists have portrayed people with disabilities.

The course meets for two two-hour sessions each week, one two-hour session is devoted to lecture and discussion of reading materials, the second two-hour session serves as a laboratory for films, speakers, and trips. Ms. Miringoff.

237b. Community Development (1)

(Same as Urban Studies 237b) This course provides “hands-on” lessons in community organization, urban inequality, and economic development that are intended to supplement theoretical perspectives offered in other classes. Students examine local efforts to revitalize neighborhoods, provide social services, enhance social capital among residents, and promote homeowner and business investment in the contemporary city. A community development initiative in the City of Poughkeepsie (to be determined) provides the case study around which lectures, readings, and guest speakers are selected. The course entails a special weekly lab section in which students are required to intern at a local nonprofit, conduct ethnographic fieldwork, or use Geographic Information System analysis in the service of the case study initiative. Students are graded for both their comprehension of course materials (in essays and exams) and their participation in the case study initiative (through fieldwork and reports). Mr. Nevarez.

Prerequisite: Permission of the Instructor.

Two 2-hour periods.

[240a. Law and Society] (1)

Law is analyzed in its social context focusing on the relationship between law and social control, and law and social change. Topics discussed include psychiatry and the law, Blacks and the law, and women and the law. The criminal justice system is examined in a comparative framework, emphasizing the role of judges, juries, and particularly lawyers, in society. Ms. Leonard.

Not offered in 2004/05.

[243a. Birth, Death, and Public Policy] (1)

(Same as Science, Technology, and Society 243) This course addresses controversies surrounding birth, death and population policy. We begin by looking at current international population debates in light of AIDS, aging, and scarcity, then consider important historical and theoretical backdrops of contemporary policy, including Malthusianism, Eugenics, and the population policies of Nazi Germany. Contemporary controversies addressed include genetic screening, genetic and reproductive engineering, the Genome Project, the birth control movement, family planning, population control, contraception, and abortion. International issues include China’s one-child policy and legislation regarding euthanasia and sterilization. Ms. Miringoff.

Not offered in 200/05.

247a and b. Modern Social Theory: Marx, Durkheim, and Weber (1)

(Same as Anthropology 247a and b) This course focuses on a comparison of the principal assumptions and the central concepts contributing to the formation of modern social theory. Readings include selections from Marx, Durkheim, and Weber. Ms. Leonard, Ms. Moon.

[250a. Sex, Gender, and Society] (1)

In the context of general sociological theory, the course analyzes sex roles in various institutional settings. Topics include: the effect of social, cultural and scientific change on traditional notions of male and female; the social construction of masculine and feminine; implications of genetic engineering; interaction of sexual attitudes, sexual practices, and social policy. Ms. Harriford.

Not offered in 2004/05.

254b. Research Methods (1)

Examines dilemmas of social inquiry. On what basis are sociological generalizations drawn? What are the ethics of social research? Course includes a critical analysis of research studies as well as an introduction to and practical experience with participant observation, interviewing, questionnaire construction, sampling, experimentation, and available data. Mr. Nevarez.

256b. Mass Media and Society (1)

This course takes a critical approach to the study of the production and consumption of mass media, focusing primarily on the United States. Using case studies, the course examines the economic and social organization of mass media, the content of media messages, and the impact various media have on the public. Topics may include: the political economy of television, gender and Hollywood film, music television, competing theories of media spectatorship, the politics of romance novels, the role of noncommercial media. Mr. Hoynes.

[258b. Race and Ethnicity] (1)

(Same as Africana Studies 258b) An examination of racial and ethnic minorities in the United States. Focus is on the social forces behind institutional dominance and minority group responses, assimilation versus cultural pluralism, and collective movements for social change. Policy implementation of affirmative action, busing, I.Q. testing, genetic screening and birth control. Ms. Martinez.

Not offered in 2004/05.

259a. Social Stratification (1)

How social prestige and power are unequally distributed in various societies of the past and the present. The role of the propriety of the means of production and of the military is stressed. The formation of classes as subcultural units, status symbols, class consciousness and class struggles are analyzed. Ms. Harriford.

260a. Health, Medicine, and Public Policy (1)

(Same as Science, Technology, and Society 260a) The Black Death killed approximately one-third of Europe. AIDS has devastated parts of the modern world. Asthma has been rising in our urban centers. This year the course includes a special section on the concept of epidemic (both infectious diseases and environmental disorders) in order to illuminate the interactions between health, medicine, and public policy. Through various examples of epidemics, including the tuberculosis epidemic of New York City, the influenza epidemic of 1918, and the fears raised by contagion (Typhoid Mary), we examine the concept of health as a social construct and medicine as a social institution. The final section of the course addresses the issues of health care policy, the problems of the uninsured, the debates over national health insurance systems, and prospects for the future. Ms. Miringoff.

263b. Criminology (1)

The course consists of a consideration of the nature and scope of criminology as well as an historical treatment of the theories of crime causation and the relation of theory to research and the treatment of the criminal. Ms. Leonard.

[265b. News Media in America] (1)

This course joins the ongoing debate about the meaning of press freedom and explores the relationship between news and democracy. It will examine how the news media operate in American society and will assess how well the current media are serving the information needs of citizens. Topics may include: the meaning of “objectivity,” the relationship between journalists and sources, news and public opinion, ownership of news media, the relationship between news and advertising, propaganda and news management, and the role of alternative media. Mr. Hoynes.

Not offered in 2004/05.

[267a. Religion, Culture, and Society] (1)

(Same as Religion 267)

Not offered in 2004/05.

[268b. Sociology of Black Religion] (1)

(Same as Africana Studies 268 and Religion 268)

Not offered in 2004/05.

270b. Drugs, Culture, and Society (1)

An examination of drug use and its symbolic importance in American society viewed in light of pertinent historical and cross-cultural material. Includes discussion of problems linked with licit and illicit, recreational, social control, and medicinal use of drugs, as well as with political and legal dimension of drug controversies. Mr. McAulay.

[271a. Forms of Social Conflict] (1)

This course looks at selected aspects of social conflict, focusing primarily, though not exclusively, on those conflicts that emerge from long term conditions of stress and unpredictability and those which implicitly or explicitly seek social change or are responsive to social conditions-in particular riots, protests, and uprisings. The first half of the semester focuses on theories of social conflict and collective behavior, including those that see the participants in social conflict as rational and those that see participants as irrational. In the second half of the semester we consider selected case histories, including hate crimes, race riots, the MOVE tragedy, Crown Heights, and the Los Angeles riots. Ms. Miringoff.

Not offered in 2004/05.

[272b. Latino Identity Formation in the U.S.] (1)

This course examines the development of Latinos as a distinct group out of the highly diverse populations of Latin American background in the US, paying particular attention to the social processes that are shaping and fueling this emerging identity. It provides an examination of the processes of cultural creation, and the forces “both global and local” that are fueling an American latinidad .We start by exploring the economic and political factors that have historically fueled the immigration of Latin American peoples to US cities and shaped their incorporation into US society as “Latinos.” We also examine differences among different social and cultural formations among emerging Latino communities in Los Angeles, Miami, and New York. Ms. Martinez.

Not offered in 2004/05.

[273a. Sociology of the New Economy] (1)

(Same as Science, Technology and Society 273a) The new economy is, in one sense, a very old concern of sociology. Since the discipline’s nineteenth century origins, sociologists have traditionally studied how changes in material production and economic relations impact the ways that people live, work, understand their lives, and relate to one another. However, current interests in the new economy center upon something new: a flexible, “just in time” mode of industry and consumerism made possible by information technologies and related organizational innovations. The logic of this new economy, as well as its consequences for society, are the subject of this course. Topics include the roles of technology in the workplace, labor markets, and globalization; the emerging “creative class”; the digital divides in technology access, education, and community; high-tech lifestyles and privacy; and the cutting edges of consumerism. Mr. Nevarez.

Not offered in 2004/05.

280a. Feminist Methodologies (1)

(Same as Women’s Studies 280a) Feminist Methods have challenged received ways of conducting research across a variety of disciplines. This course offers an introduction to the key debates that have resulted from feminist interventions into issues of epistemology, power, and representation, standpoint theory, objectivity and science, reflexivity, and praxis. This course is interdisciplinary, however, emphasis is placed on social scientific research and cultural analysis. Ms. Carruyo.

[281a. The Craft of Sociology: Interviewing, Observation and the “Rich Description” of Social Life]

This hands-on qualitative methodology course is intended for students who would like to gain practical experience in interview based and observational research. Qualitative research uses methods that are inductive and emergent in order to offer detailed descriptions of a social setting. The “craft” of using these methods lies in learning how to organize and examine the complex raw data in order to arrive at some generalizable themes. This class takes students through that process: we cover the basic techniques for collecting interpreting, and analyzing certain types of qualitative data. In conjunction with our research projects, the class reads and discusses a number of qualitative studies and methodological writing in order to examine the theoretical issues associated with qualitative research. This class may be helpful for students who are doing or planning independent research on their senior thesis. Ms. Martinez.

282b. Cultural Sociology (1)

Cultural sociologists understand meanings to be structured and socially produced. Thus, culture itself is a dimension of all social life, which can be teased out and examined to uncover patterns of ideas, motivations, rule, and moral substance. Topics include: analyzing culture in society; key ideas; cultural repertoires: identities and practices; cultural production: institutional fields; cultural frameworks: categories, genre, and narrative; and cultural innovation and social change. Key authors: Jeffrey Alexander, Robert Bellah, Luc Boltanski, David Garland, Clofford Geertz, Wilhelm Dilthey, Ron Eyerman, Ronald Jacobs, Elihu Katz, Magali Larson, Barbie Zelizer, and Sharon Zukin. Ms. Sulik.

Two 75-minute periods.

283a. Latina/os in the Americas (1)

(Same as Latin American Studies 283a) This course begins by tracing the history of Latina/o migrations and exposing this process as intimately linked to US involvement in Latin America and the Caribbean. We are attentive to the diversity of Latina/o experiences including those differences based on region, as well as on class, race, gender, sexuality, and migration histories. We explore the ways in which this diverse, growing, and increasingly visible population is challenging demographics and culture in the United States. The second part of the course examines several key political struggles impacting Latina/os from the Chicano Movement to transnational contemporary issues of labor, education, and environmental justice. Finally, we look at how US Latina/os negotiate issues of identity and create and reshape communities in the US and in Latin America and the Caribbean. Ms. Carruyo.

284b. Food, Culture, and Globalization (1)

This course focuses on the political economy of and the cultural politics of transnational production, distribution, and consumption of food in global cities of the world to understand the complex nature of cultural globalization and its effects on the national, ethnic, and class identities of women and men. Approaching food as material cultural commodities moving across national boundaries, this course examines the following questions. How has food in routine diet been invested with a broad range of meanings and thereby served to define and maintain collective identities of people and social relationships linked to the consumption of food? In what ways and to what extent does eating food satisfy not only basic appetite and epicurean desire, but also social needs for status and belonging? How have powerful corporate interests shaped the health and well being of a large number of people across national boundaries? What roles do symbols and social values play in the public and corporate discourse of health, nutrition, and cultural identities? Ms. Moon.

285b. Sociology of Health and Illness: a Look at Breast Cancer (1)

An analysis of cultural, social, and social-psychological factors affecting health status and the response to disease. The course considers the social transformation of medicine, including the rise of corporate medicine and the role of pharmaceutical companies, media portrayals of survivorship, and the rise of social movements. It centers on breast cancer as a case study. Key authors: Susan Ferguson, Sandra Harding, Anne Kasper, Ellen Leopold, Baron Lerner, Audre Lorde, Sue Rosser, Paul Starr, Sandra Steingraber, Jane Zones. Ms. Sulik.

Prerequisite: Sociology 151

286b. Women and Work (1)

In this course, we explore womens role in the workplace: how it has evolved since the advent of the womens movement; why women have had trouble breaking through the glass ceiling of the corporate world; and how the work/life conflict has impacted womens ability to move up the career ladder. We do this by exploring a variety of theorists, from Rosabeth Moss Kanters classic, Women and Men of the Corporation, to Jerry Jacbos Revolving Doors, to most recently, Joan Williams Unbending Gender: Why Family and Work Conflict and What to Do About It, as well as many others. We also examine a variety of court cases that have attempted to remedy the inequalities in the American workplace. Students are encouraged to study the issue not only from a sociological standpoint, but from a legal and cultural point of view as well. Ms. Green.

Prerequisite: Sociology 151

Two 75-minute periods.

289b. Assimilation of People of Color in America (1)

This course examines the ways in which people of color are expected to assimilate, and their culture in America. This is a vastly complex topic that involves many factors such as class, immigration, nationalism, language and hegemony; however this course serves as an introduction to these issues and provides an opportunity for students to begin to understand these factors. This course uses various sociological perspectives to contextualize the concepts of assimilation in relation to people of color in America.

Two 75-minute periods.

290a or b. Field Work ( 1/2 or 1)

Individual project of reading or research. The department.

May be elected during the college year or during the summer.

Special permission. Unscheduled.

298a or b. Independent Work ( 1/2 or 1)

Individual project of reading or research. The department.

May be elected during the college year or during the summer.

Special permission. Unscheduled.

III. Advanced

Permission for 300-level course: Sociology 151 and 1 unit of 200-level work, or permission of instructor.

300a-301b. Senior Thesis ( 1/2)

The department.

305b. The Social Construction of Race in the US (1)

This course examines the social construction of race in the United States from the beginning of the nineteenth century to the present. The course focuses on changing racial meanings and identities of specific socio-historical groups and the ways in which social institutions interpret and reinterpret race over time. Contemporary issues addressed include: the construction of “whiteness,” the making of model minorities, and the emergence of the “mixed race” category. Readings may include Cooper, DuBois, bell hooks, Omni and Winant, Gilroy and Roediger. Ms. Harriford.

306a. Women’s Movements in Asia (1)

(Same as Asian Studies and Women’s Studies 306a) This interdisciplinary course examines the reemergence of women’s movements in contemporary Asia by focusing on their cultural and historical contexts that go beyond the theory of “resource mobilization.” Drawing upon case studies from Korea, Japan, India, and China, it traces the rise of feminist consciousness and women’s movements at the turn of the twentieth century, and then analyzes the relationships between contemporary women’s movements and the following topics: nationalism, political democratization, capitalist industrialization, ambivalence toward modernization, and postmodern conditions. Ms. Moon.

308b. Nation, Race, and Gender in Latin America and the Caribbean (1)

(Same as Latin American Studies 308b) With a focus on Latin America and the Spanish­ speaking Caribbean this course traces and analyzes the ways in which the project of nation building creates and draws upon narratives about race and gender. While our focus is Latin America, our study considers racial. and gender formations within the context of the world-system. We are interested in how a complicated history of colonialization, independence, post-coloniality, and “globalization” has intersected with national economics, politics, communities, and identities. In order to get at these intersections we examine a range of texts dealing with policy, national literatures, common sense, and political struggle. Specific issues to be addressed include the relationship between socio-biological theories of race and Latin American notions of mestizage, discursive and material whitening, the myth of racial democracy, sexuality and morality, and border politics. Ms. Carruyo.

Prerquisite: Permission of the Instructor.

[310b. Comparative Cultural Institutions] (1)

This course examines a variety of cultural institutions including the family, religion, education, politics, and art within selected societies. Methods of comparative analysis are examined and applied. Ms. Leonard.

Not offered in 2004/05.

[312b. Corporate Power] (1)

This seminar investigates how corporations exert power over society outside of their place in the market. We review the evolution of the corporation, from the late eighteenth century concern over “big business” to globalization in the present day, and examine competing theories and methodologies with which social researchers have explained the power of business. Topics and literatures include corporate citizenship and philanthropy, capitalist networks and organizations, the cult of the “charismatic CEO,” and the countervailing power of today’s investor capitalism. Mr. Nevarez.

Not offered in 2004/05.

[347b. Reenvisioning Women in the Third World] (1)

(Same as Women’s Studies 347b.) This course examines the forces that have shaped the lives of women, their willful responses in the Third World, defined in terms of historical and social conditions rather than geographical locations. Topics include colonialism, nationalism, politics of representation and the production of knowledge in international development, environmental movement, global factory work, reproductive rights, and the sex industry in international tourism. Ms. Moon.

Not offered in 2004/05.

[348a. Community in Theory and Practice] (1)

Community is a fundamental sociological concept. Despite its importance, community remains an ambiguous concept, and within the field there are profound disagreements about defining its attributes, as well as the degree to which it remains relevant in advanced industrial societies. The course explores the “classic” pieces of literature in the field as well as provides an overview of more recent theoretical developments and debates in community sociology. We critically examine “community” as a theoretical concept, and the major paradigms that attempt to analyze the social forces that are currently effecting community change in advanced industrial nations. Finally, we look at the debates over the normative value of community, including the resurgence of communitarian theory, and the poststructuralist challenge to the concept of a unitary community. Ms. Martinez.

Not offered in 2004/05.

[353a. Bio-Social Controversy] (1)

(Same as Science, Technology, and Society 353a) Scientific controversies take place not only within scientific communities but may be joined in public arenas as well. This course conceptually deploys the sociology of scientific knowledge to focus on selected psychologists against feminists, social constructionists and their scientific colleagues in adjacent fields. Topics include the debate with Stephen Jay Gould over “Darwinian fundamentalism,” the confrontation regarding Darkness in El Dorado, and volatile disputes surrounding evolutionary accounts of sexual orientation, sex/ gender, and rape. Controversies dealing with race and ethnicity, including the Human Genome Diversity Project and the argument over “Black” athletic superiority, have also been tackled in recent years. Mr. McAulay.

Not offered in 2004/05.

[356a. Culture, Commerce, and the Public Sphere] (1)

(Same as Media Studies Development Project 356a) This course examines the culture and politics of the public sphere, with an emphasis on the changing status of public spaces in contemporary societies. Drawing upon historical and current analyses, we explore such issues as the relationship between public and commercial space and the role of public discourse in democratic theory. Case studies investigate such sites as mass media, schools, shopping malls, cyberspace, libraries, and public parks in relation to questions of economic inequality, political participation, privatization, and consumer culture. Mr. Hoynes.

Not offered in 2004/05.

[357b. Labor, Work, and Social Change] (1)

A sociological analysis of how the global economy has affected the nature of work in modern society. Key issues include downsizing, the increase in service sector employment, the contingent economy, the working poor, sweatshop labor, historical and contemporary issues in labor union organizing, alienation in the workplace, and the current debate over workfare. Ms. Miringoff.

Not offered in 2004/05.

[364b. Social Welfare and Social Policy] (1)

The course examines the social philosophies and social movements underlying the development of social welfare policy. Issues include the English Poor Laws, the ideology of American philanthropy, the Progressive Era, the Settlement House Movement, the New Deal, the Great Society, and “The Safety Net.’’ International comparisons are also used throughout. Contemporary problem areas to be examined include homelessness, hunger, and the “feminization of poverty.’’ Ms. ­Miringoff.

Not offered in 2004/05.

365a. Class, Culture, and Power (1)

This course examines central debates in the sociology of culture, with a particular focus on the complex intersection between the domain of culture and questions of class and power. Topics include: the meaning and significance of “cultural capital,” the power of ideology, the role of the professional class, working class culture, class reproduction, gender and class relations, and the future of both cultural politics and cultural studies. Readings may include Gramsci, Bourdieu, Gitlin, Aronowitz, Fiske, Willis, and Stuart Hall. Mr. Hoynes.

367a. Mind, Culture, and Biology (1)

(Same as Science, Technology and Society 367a) Increasingly in recent years sociobiology and evolutionary psychology have emerged at the center of modern science–based opposition to social constructionist and post-modernist thinking. Nowhere is this challenge more pointed than in the use of evolutionary approaches to account for patterns of human culture including standards of beauty, ethical systems, and religious belief. This course examines and analyzes basic arguments regarding the biological basis of deception, self interest, cooperation, and morality. Advanced topics include the feasibility of Darwinian history and literary analysis, the study of Judaism as an evolutionary strategy, challenges posed by evolutionary thinking to the social construction of gender, as well as intriguing efforts to synthesize postmodernist and evolutionary perspectives. Mr. McAulay.

[368b. Toxic Futures: From Social Theory to Environmental Theory] (1)

The central aim of this class is to examine the foundations of the discourse on society and nature in social theory and environmental theory to explore two questions. The first question is how does social theory approach the construction of the future, and the second question is how has this construction informed the present debates on the impact of industrialization, urbanization, state–building and collective movements on the environment? In this context, the class focuses on how social theory informs different articulations of Environmental Thought and its political and epistemological fragmentation and the limits of praxis, as well as its contemporary construction of alternative futures. Ms. Batur.

Not offered in 2004/05.

380a. Art, War, and Social Change (1)

Can the arts serve as a vehicle for social change? In this course we look at one specific arena to consider this question: the issue of war. How is war envisioned and re­ envisioned by art and artists? How do artists make statements about the meaning of war and the quest for peace? Can artists frame our views about the consequences and costs of war? How are wars remembered, and with what significance? Specifically, we look at four wars and their social and artistic interpretations, wrought through memory and metaphor. These are: The Vietnam War, its photography and its famous memorial; World War I and the desolation of the novels and poetry that portrayed it; World War 11 and reflections on Hiroshima; and the Spanish Civil War through Picasso’s famous anti­ war painting Guernica, the recollections of Ernest Hemingway, the memories of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade, and the photography of Robert Capa. By looking at both the Sociology of Art and Sociology of War we consider where the crucial intersections lie. Ms. Miringoff.

382a. Sociology of the Body (1)

Typically, sociology has considered the body to be a precondition of social life that exists outside of socio-historical reality. However, the body has begun to intrude into social space in a more visual way. Individuals fashion and present themselves in and through their bodies. As a domain of self to be reconfigured, managed, and pleased, the body is now considered a social fact, both natural and cultural. This course explores ways to theorize the body, including 1)Neo-Marxist 2)structuralist, and 3)feminist. Topics include: Woman as body, cultural inscriptions on the body, science and bio-medicine, politics of the body, altered bodies, bodies in social space, perfuming the body. Key authors include: Susan Bordo, Judith Butler, Michel Foucault, Donna Haraway, Luce Irigaray, Allison Jaggar, Lynne Segal, and Bryan Turner. Ms. Sulik.

Prerequisite: permission of instructor.

386b. Men and Masculinities (1)

This course is intended to be an in-depth view into the emerging field of mens studies. In pursuit of that goal, we take an interdisciplinary perspective studying theorists such as sociologists Robert Connell and Michael Kimmel, psychologists such as Joseph Pleck, as well as literary figures such as Robert Bly. We explore popular representations of men, examining such works as the Rabbit series by John Updike; as well as studying some recent mens movements, for example the Promise Keepers movement. This course illuminates how gender is salient for men as well as women, making masculinity visible in our studies of the human experience. Ms. Green.

One 2-hour period.

399a or b. Senior Independent Work ( 1/2 or 1)

Individual project of reading or research. May be elected during the college year or during the summer. The department.

Special permission. Unscheduled.