Music Department

Professors: Todd Crow, Richard Wilson; Associate Professors: Kathryn Libin (Chair), Brian Mann, Michael PisanibVisiting Assistant Professors: Harold Meltzer*b, Thomas Sauer*; Lecturers: Drew Minter, Eduardo Navega; Visiting Instructor: Christine Howlett; Adjunct Artists: Cheryl Bishkoff*, Ronald Carbone*, Frank Cassara*, Arthur D. Champlin*, Merellyn Gallagher*, Larry Guy*, Betty-Jean Hagen*, Jeff Lang*, Mary Nessinger*, James R. Osborn*, Robert OsBorne*, Anna Polonsky*, Linda Quan*, Rachel Rosales*, Sophie Shao*, John Solum* Viviane Thomas*, Ed Xiques*.

Requirements for Concentration: 13 units of graded work, including Music 105/106, 205, 206, 207, 208, 246/247/248; one of the following: Music 210, 211; one of the following: Music 320, 321, 322,323; 2 additional units from history and theory courses which may include not more than one of the following: Music 202, 212, 213, 214, 231, 238; and 11/2 units of performance in the same instrument.

Senior-Year Requirements: 2 units at the 300-level, at least one of them in history or theory. After declaration of major, no work taken NRO may be used to fulfill requirements for concentration.

Recommendations: A reading knowledge of at least one of the following foreign languages: German, French, Italian. German is strongly recommended. Students planning to concentrate in music will normally elect Music 105/106 in the freshman year and 246/247/248 in the sophomore year, continuing into the first semester of the junior year. Majors are encouraged to audition for membership in one of the choral or instrumental organizations sponsored by the department.

Correlate Sequence in Music History: 7 units including Music 105/106 (Harmony), 246/247/248 (Music History); 2 units of the following: Music 320, 321, 322, 323 (Seminars).

Correlate Sequence in Music Theory: 7 units including Music 105/106 (Harmony, Music 205 (Advanced Harmony), Music 215 (Composition), Music 210, 211 (Counterpoints), and Music 399 (Independent Work for 1 unit).

Correlate Sequence in Music Composition: 7 units including Music 105/106 (Harmony), Music 215/216 (Composition I), Music 219/220 (Electronic Music), Music 315 (Composition II).

Correlate Sequence in Music and Culture: 7 units including either Music 140 or 141 and either Music 101 or 105; 4 units of the following: Music 201 (Opera), Music 202 (Black Music), Music 212 (World Musics), Music 213 (American Music), Music 214 (History of Jazz), Music 231 (Women Making Music), Music 238 (Music in Film), Anthropology/Music 259 (Soundscapes: Anthropology of Music), and Music 399 (Independent Work for 1 unit).

Advisers: The department.

History and Theory

I. Introductory

101a and b. Fundamentals of Music (1)

A beginning study of the elements of music including notation, rhythm and meter, scales and modes, intervals, melody, chord progression, musical terms, and instruments. To facilitate reading skills, class exercises in ear training and sight singing are included. May not be counted in the requirements for concentration.

Open to all classes. Previous musical training unnecessary.

105a/106b. Harmony (1)

A study of tonal harmony as found in the music of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Primary emphasis is on writing, including harmonization of bass lines and melodies; analysis of representative examples and ear training. Mr. Wilson, Ms. Libin, Mr. Vishio.

Open to all classes.

Prerequisite: each student must demonstrate to the instructor a familiarity with treble and bass clef notation, scales, and basic rhythmic notation.

135a. The International Phonetic Alphabet ( 1/2)

An introduction to the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). Geared toward students of voice, choir, and choral conducting. Ms. Howelett.

136a. Introduction to World Music (1)

Studies in the music of non-European cultures, exploring music of China, Japan, India, the Middle East, Sub-Saharan Africa, and South America.

140a, 141b. Music as a Literature (1)

A study of selected topics in the history of Western music. Mr. Mann.

Topic for 140a: An investigation of two pivotal moments in the history of European music: the Classic style of Mozart, Haydn, and Beethoven, and the rise of modernism at the turn of the twentieth century.

Topic for 141b: An investigation of three discrete topics: a survey of the works of J. S. Bach and his role in music history; masterworks of musical Romanticism; and landmarks in the history of the art song.

Open to all classes. Previous musical training not required. May not be counted in the requirements for concentration.

Two 75-minute periods.

II. Intermediate

[201a. Opera] (1)

Changing approaches to the drama in music from 1600 to the present.

Prerequisite: 1 unit in one of the following: art; drama; Italian, French, German, or English literatures; music; or by permission. May not be counted in the requirements for concentration.

Alternate years: not offered in 2007/08.

202b. Black Music (1)

(Same as Africana Studies 202) An analytical exploration of the music of certain African and European cultures and their adaptive influences in North America. The course examines the traditional African and European views of music performance practices while exploring their influences in shaping the music of African Americans from the spiritual to modern. Mr. Reid.

205b. Advanced Harmony (1)

A continuation of Music 105/106, using more complex harmonic resources and analyzing more extended works.

Prerequisite: Music 105/106 or by permission.

206b. Musicianship Skills I ( 1/2)

An aural-skills class based on diatonic melody and harmony. Class exercises

include sight singing, ear training, clef reading, keyboard skills and

basic conducting patterns. Ms. Howlett.

Prerequisite: Music 105/106 or by permission.

207a. Musicianship Skills II ( 1/2)

A continuation of Music 206 adding chromatic melody and harmony with

intermediate keyboard skills such as figured bass realization, improvised

accompaniment, and score reading.

Prerequisite: Music 206.

208b. Musicianship Skills III ( 1/2)

A continuation of Music 207, developing aural, keyboard, and clef-reading

skills to a higher degree of proficiency. Mr. Navega.

Prerequisite: Music 207.

210a. Modal Counterpoint (1)

A study, through analysis and written exercises, of contrapuntal techniques of the sixteenth century. Mr. Vishio.

Prerequisite: Music 105/106 or by permission of instructor.

Alternate years: offered in 2007/08.

[211a. Tonal Counterpoint] (1)

A study, through analysis and written exercises, of contrapuntal techniques of the eighteenth century.

Prerequisite: Music 105/106 or by permission of instructor.

Alternate years: not offered in 2007/08.

212b. Advanced Topics in World Musics (1)

(Same as Anthropology 212) Topics in advanced topics in non-European musical cultures. Ms. Libin.

Topic for 2007/08 to be announced.

Prerequisite: Music 136, or by permission of instructor.

[213b. American Music] (1)

The study of folk, popular, and art musics in American life from 1600 to the present and their relationship to other facets of America’s historical development and cultural growth.

Prerequisite: 1 unit in one of the following: music; studies in American history, art, or literature; or by permission of instructor.

Alternate years: not offered in 2007/08.

214b. History of American Jazz (1)

An investigation of the whole range of jazz history, from its beginning around the turn of the century to the present day. Among the figures to be examined are: Scott Joplin, “Jelly Roll” Morton, Louis Armstrong, Bessie Smith, Duke Ellington, Fletcher Henderson, Count Basie, Thomas “Fats” Waller, Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, Thelonious Monk, Charles Mingus, and Miles Davis. Mr. Mann.

Prerequisite: 1 unit in one of the following: music, studies in American history, art, or literature; or by permission of instructor.

Alternate years: offered in 2007/08.

215a/216b. Composition I (1)

Creative work in various contemporary idioms. Analysis of selected works; study of instrumental resources. Mr. Meltzer.

Prerequisite: Music 105/106 or by permission of instructor.

If a senior project in composition is planned, the student should elect Music 215/216 in the sophomore year and Music 315 in the junior year.

217a. Studies in Popular Music (1)

A general study of several popular music traditions, both American and International, and a focus on several of these traditions in detail. Mr. Rios.

Prerequisite: recommended 1 unit in either music or sociology.

Alternate years: offered in 2007/08

219a/220b. Electronic Music (1)

A practical exploration of electronic music, composition, and production techniques. Compositional and creative aspects will be emphasized with extensive lab time provided for student projects. No prior knowledge of computer music or programming is required.

Prerequisite: by permission of instructor.

[231b. Women Making Music] (1)

(Same as Women’s Studies 231) A study of women’s involvement in Western and non-Western musical cultures. Drawing on recent work in feminist musicology and ethnomusicology, the course studies a wide range of musics created by women, both past and present. It explores such topics as musical instruments and gender, voice and embodiment, access to training and performance opportunities, and representations of women musicians in art and literature. Ms. Libin.

Prerequisite: one unit in music, or women’s studies, or by permission of instructor.

Alternate years: not offered in 2007/08.

[237a. Music and Literary Traditions of Five Caribbean Islands] (1)

(Same as Africana Studies 237) Mr. Reid.

Not offered in 2007/08.

238a. Music in Film (1)

(Same as Film 238) A study of music in sound cinema from the 1920s to the present. The course focuses on the expressive, formal, and semiotic function that film music serves, either as sound experienced by the protagonists, or as another layer of commentary to be heard only by the viewer, or some mixture of the two. Composers studied include Max Steiner, Bernard Herrmann, Jerry Goldsmith, Danny Elfman, and others, as well as film scores that rely upon a range of musical styles, including classical, popular, and non-Western. Specific topics to be considered this semester include music in film noir and the movie musical. Mr. Mann.

Prerequisite: one course in music (not performance) or film.

Two 2-hour classes a week, plus outside screening.

246a/247b/248a. Music and Ideas (1)

246a. Music and Ideas I — Medieval and Early Modern Europe: The Power of Church and Court (1)

(Same as Medieval and Renaissance Studies 246) This course introduces major historical and intellectual ideas of music from the Ancient world through 1660. The focus is on essential repertoire as well as the cultures that fostered principal genres of sacred and secular music during the Middle Ages, Renaissance, and early Baroque. Mr. Mann.

247b. Music and Ideas II — Enlightenment and the Influence of Rationalism (1)

A study of musical genres and trends over the course of the “long eighteenth century” from 1660 to 1830. The course explores significant shifts in musical language from the high Baroque through the age of revolution and early Romanticism, as revealed in great works from Purcell through Beethoven. Ms. Libin.

248a. Music and Ideas III — Modernism and its Challenges (1)

This course begins with progressive composers Berlioz, Liszt, and Wagner and traces the development of their schools of thought through the late nineteenth century. The rising importance of popular song and jazz in twentieth century along with major composers who have found new expression within classical traditions and “postmoderns” who have worked to bridge genres. Mr. Pisani.

Prerequisites: Music 105/106 or by permission of instructor.

Three 50-minute periods and a discussion section.

[259a. Soundscapes: Anthropology of Music] (1)

(Same as Anthropology 259a) Mr. Porcello.

Not offered in 2007/08.

290a or b. Field Work ( 1/2 or 1)

298a or b. Independent Work ( 1/2 or 1)

Special projects in theory, history, or performance which supplement the cur-riculum.

Open to qualified students with permission of department.

III. Advanced

301b. Music and Literature of 5 Carribean Islands (1)

(Same as Africana Studies 301) Mr. Reid.

302a or b. Senior Project ( 1/2)

A paper, composition, or recital. Proposals for a project must first have the approval of an appropriate faculty adviser and then be submitted for departmental approval by the end of the junior year.

315a/316b. Composition II (1)

Further work in original composition; analysis of examples illustrating current practice. Mr. Meltzer, Mr. Wilson.

Permission of the instructor required; qualification to be determined by submission in advance of original work.

Prerequisites: Music 105/106 and 215/216 or equivalent.

Seminars

[320a. Advanced Studies in Musical Genres] (1)

Mr. Pisani.

Prerequisites: Music 105/106, 205, 246/247/248; or by permission of instructor.

Not offered in 2007/08.

321b. Composer in Focus: Defining Musical Style (1)

This seminar begins with three weeks of readings and lecturers on methodologies of research into composer biographies, analysis of style, relevance of historical backgrounds, etc. Then each student will choose a focus composer on which to do an overview and a paper topic. (Choice of composers may range from medieval to contemporary but is subject to the instructor's approval.) For eight weeks, the course will be become a tutorial, with weekly private meetings to discuss the progress of the research. The class will convene for the last two weeks for students to share their research in an open, discussion format. Evaluation is based on acquired knowledge of one's chosen subject and the effective completion of a written research paper.

Prerequisites: Music 105/106, 210 or 211; 246/247; or by permission of instructor.

[321b. Composer (s) in Focus] (1)

Not offered in 2007/08.

Prerequisites: Music 105/106, 246/247; or by permission of instructor.

322b. Advanced Studies in Theory (1)

Topic to be announced.

323b. Intersections in Music and Literature (1)

Topic for 2007/08: The Decadent Imagination at the Fin de Siècle, This course examines the theme of decadence in late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century literature and music. Authors studied include Charles Baudelaire, Paul Verlaine, Friedrich Nietzsche, Oscar Wilde, Thomas Mann, Henrik Ibsen, and Max Nordau. Composers studied include Richard Wagner, Claude Debussy, Richard Strauss and Arnold Schönberg. Topics include decadence as an aesthetic category, decadence as a catchphrase in the cultural politics of the day, Wagnerism, “dekadenter Wagnerismus” (decadent Wagnerism), the emblematic figure of Salome, and the relationships between decadence and early modernism. Mr. Mann.

Prerequisites: Music 105/106; 205; 246; or by permission of instructor.

399a or b. Senior Independent Work ( 1/2 or 1)

Special projects in theory, history, or performance which supplement the curriculum.

Open to qualified students with permission of department.

Performance

Auditions are required for both credited and uncredited study and are arranged at the beginning of each semester for students who register for the desired course. Each course in performance includes a program of literature suited to the individual student, and requires a reasonable improvement in technical proficiency and interpretative understanding for continuation.

Corequisite courses in theory or history (see Individual Instruction below) should be begun as early as possible, but no later than the third semester of credited study.

Enrollment is limited in each area of instruction, especially voice. Music majors and students studying for credit are given preference. Beginners are accepted as schedules permit.

Fees: See section on fees. Scholarships to cover charges are made available through the Office of Financial Aid and are granted only for credited study. Individual instruction is given as follows:

Jazz Piano (042, 142, 242, 342): Mr. Tomlinson.

Saxophone (Music 043, 143, 243, 343): Mr. Xiques.

Piano (Music 060, 160, 260, 360): Mr. Crow, Ms. Polonsky, Mr. Sauer.

Organ (Music 061,161, 261, 361): Mrs. Gallagher.

Harpsichord (Music 062, 162, 262, 362): Mrs. Gallagher.

Voice (Music 063, 163, 263, 363): Mr. Minter, Ms. Nessinger, Mr. Osborne, Ms. Rosales, Ms. Thomas.

Violin (Music 064, 164, 264, 364): Ms. Hagen, Ms. Quan.

Viola (Music 065, 165, 265, 365): Mr. Carbone.

Violoncello (Music 066, 166, 266, 366): Ms. Seligman, Ms. Shao.

Double Bass (Music 067, 167, 267, 367): Mr. Pappas.

Classical Guitar (Music 068, 168, 268, 368): Mr. Champlin.

Harp (Music 069, 169, 269, 369): Ms. Kibbey.

Flute (Music 070, 170, 270, 370): Mr. Solum.

Oboe (Music 071, 171, 271, 371): Ms. Bishkoff.

Clarinet (Music 072, 172, 272, 372): Mr. Guy.

Bassoon (Music 073, 173, 273, 373): Ms. Romano.

French Horn (Music 074, 174, 274, 374): Mr. Lang.

Trumpet (Music 075, 175, 275, 375): Mr. Osborn.

Trombone (Music 076, 176, 276, 376): Mr. Bellino.

Tuba (Music 077, 177, 277, 377)

Percussion (Music 078, 178, 278, 378): Mr. Cassara.

Note: Performance levels are described under numbers Music 000, 100, 200, 300. Credited instruction in piano, for example, should be elected as Music 160; whereas uncredited study should be elected as Music 060.

The department will attempt to arrange instruction in certain instruments not listed above. Students wishing such instruction should consult with the chair of the department. Auditions are usually required.

Individual Instruction

000a, b. Performance (0)

Uncredited lessons.

Open to all classes by audition.

One 50-minute period. Unscheduled.

100a, b. Performance ( 1/2)

Open to all students who have passed the audition or upon recommendation of the instructor.

A corequisite course in theory or history is strongly recommended.

One 50-minute period. Unscheduled.

200a, b. Performance ( 1/2)

Prerequisite: two semesters of credited study in this instrument. Corequisite: one course per semester in theory or history is required unless two such courses have previously been completed.

One 50-minute period. Unscheduled.

300a, b. Performance ( 1/2)

Prerequisite: four semesters of credited study in this instrument.

One 50-minute period. Unscheduled.

380a, b. Performance ( 1/2)

Prerequisite: six semesters of credited study in this instrument.

One 50-minute period. Unscheduled.

Ensembles

In the following six ensembles (Wind Ensemble, Jazz Ensemble, Orchestra, Choir, Women’s Chorus, and Madrigal Singers) the first semester is an uncredited prerequisite for the second: credited study is offered only in the second semester. Students wishing to enroll for credit in the second semester must register for the uncredited prerequisite in the first semester. No student should exceed 2 units of credit in his or her four years at Vassar. Membership is open to all classes and assumes a full year commitment. Admission is by audition.

038/039. Jazz Combo

The study and performance of jazz improvisation. Mr. Osborn.

Two sections.

Open to quallified students with permission of the instructor.

044a, 045b, 244a, 245b. Chamber Music (0 or 1/2)

The study and performance of selected works from the ensemble repertoire of instrumental or vocal mediums or their combinations. Mr. Navega.

Open to qualified students with the permission of the instructor. No student may exceed 2 units of this credit in his or her four years at Vassar. May be counted in performance requirements for concentration in music only as specified under the alternative concentration in performance. No fee.

One 50-minute period. Unscheduled.

048a, 049b, 149b. Wind Ensemble (0 or 1/2)

The fifty-member ensemble of students and community players performs the works of the wind and band repertoire. The group is open to all woodwind, brass, and percussion players. Mr. Osborn.

Open to all students by audition.

One meeting per week plus sectional rehearsals.

050a, 051b, 151b. Jazz Ensemble (0 or 1/2)

The jazz ensemble performs literature ranging from the Big Band Era to jazz-rock fusion. Improvisation and ensemble playing in a jazz style are featured. Mr. Osborn.

Open to all students by audition.

One meeting per week.

052a, 053, 153. Orchestra (0 or 1/2)

The 60-member orchestra performs masterworks of the symphonic literature. Mr. Navega.

Open to all students by audition.

Two meetings per week.

054a, 055b, 155b. Women’s Chorus (0 or 1/2)

The Women’s Chorus is an ensemble of 30-50 women that studies and performs repertoire from the medieval period to the present. The choir performs on campus and occasionally makes concert tours. Ms. Howlett.

Open to all students by audition.

Three meetings per week.

056a, 057b, 157b. Choir (0 or 1/2)

The choir is a mixed ensemble of between 40 and 60 voices that studies and performs choral/orchestral and a cappella literature for a larger chorus from the Renaissance through the present. The choir performs on campus and occasionally makes concert tours. Ms. Howlett.

Open to all students by audition.

Three meetings per week.

058a, 059b, 159b. Madrigal Singers (0 or 1/2)

The Madrigal Singers is a select mixed ensemble of between 10 and 20 voices which studies and performs literature for solo and chamber vocal ensemble. Mr. Minter.

Two meetings per week.

254b. Opera Workshop ( 1/2)

The study and performance of selected operatic repertoire. Open to qualified students by audition. Mr. Minter.

No student may exceed 2 units of this credit in his or her four years at Vassar.