Anthropology Department

Professors: Colleen Ballerino Cohenab, Judith L. Goldstein, Lucy Lewis Johnsonb, Martha Kaplan (Chair), Anne Pike-Tay; Assistant ­Professors: Thomas Porcello, David Taváreza; Visiting Instructor: Candice Lowe.

b Absent on leave, second semester.

The field of anthropology seeks to promote a holistic understanding of social life by offering complex accounts of human histories, societies and cultures. Anthropologists undertake ethnographic, archival, and archaeological research on the varied aspects of individual and collective experience in all time periods and parts of the world. The Department of Anthropology offers a wide range of options for majors and for nonmajors in recognition of the broad interdisciplinary nature of the field. Nonmajors from all classes may choose courses at any level with permission of the instructor and without introductory anthropology as a ­prerequisite.

Requirements for Concentration: 12 units including Anthropology 140, 201, 301, and two additional 300-level seminars. It is required that students take Anthropology 201 by the end of their junior year and highly recommended that they take it in their sophomore year. Anthropology 140 is a prerequisite or co-requisite for Anthropology 201. Students are required to take courses in at least three of the four fields of anthropology; those being archaeology, biological anthropology, cultural anthropology, and linguistics. Students are also required to achieve familiarity with the peoples and cultures of at least two areas of the world. This requirement can be met by taking any two courses in the range from Anthropology 235-244 or other courses by petition. The remaining courses are to be chosen from among the departmental offerings in consultation with the adviser, in order to give the student both a strong focus within anthropology and an overall understanding of the field. With the consent of the adviser, students may petition the department to take up to 2 of the 12 required units in courses outside the department which are related to their focus. Once a course plan has been devised, it must be approved by the department faculty.

NRO: One introductory course taken NRO may count towards the major if a letter grade is received. If a student receives a PA for an introductory course taken under the NRO option, that student must complete 13 courses for an anthropology major. No other required courses for the major may be taken NRO.

Requirements for a Correlate Sequence: 6 units to include 1 unit at the 100-level and 2 units at the 300-level. Courses should be chosen in consultation with an anthropology department adviser in order to a) complement the student’s major and b) form a coherent focus within anthropology. Possible concentrations include cultural studies, field work, evolution, archaeology, language. One introductory course taken NRO may count towards the correlate sequence if a letter grade is received. If a student receives a PA for an introductory course taken under the NRO option, that student must complete seven courses for an anthropology correlate sequence. No other required courses for the correlate sequence may be taken NRO.

Recommendations: The field experience is essential to the discipline of anthropology. Therefore, majors are urged to take at least one fieldwork course, to engage in field research during the summer, and/or to undertake independent fieldwork under a study away program.

Anthropological Research Experience: The department also offers students the opportunity for independent fieldwork/research projects through several of its courses and in conjunction with on-going faculty research projects. Opportunities for laboratory research, which is also critical to anthropological inquiry, are available in our archaeology, biological anthropology, sound analysis, and digital video editing labs.

Advisers: The department.

Related Links

I. Introductory

100a. Archaeology (1)

Archaeologists study the material evidence of past human cultures. In this course students learn how archaeologists dig up physical remains, tools, and houses and use these data to reconstruct and understand past cultures. The methods and theory behind archaeological recovery, problem solving and interpretation are learned through the use of selected site reports, articles from all over the world, and hands on experimentation. Ms. Pike-Tay.

120b. Human Origins (1)

This course introduces current and historical debates in the study of human evolution. Primate studies, genetics, the fossil record and paleoecology are drawn upon to address such issues as the origins and nature of human cognition, sexuality, and population variation. Ms. Pike-Tay.

140a or b. Cultural Anthropology (1)

An introduction to central concepts, methods, and findings in cultural anthropology, including culture, cultural difference, the interpretation of culture, and participant-observation. The course uses cross-cultural comparison to question scholarly and commonsense understandings of human nature. Topics may include sexuality, kinship, political and economic systems, myth, ritual and cosmology, and culturally varied ways of constructing race, gender, and ethnicity. Students undertake small research projects and explore different styles of ethnographic writing. Ms. Kaplan, Ms. Lowe.

150a or b. Linguistics and Anthropology (1)

This course provides the student with a practical introduction to structuralist methods of linguistic analysis. There is a focus on both theoretical discussions about, and practical exercises in, the phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics of natural human languages. Additional topics include: the acquisition of linguistic and communicative competence; the relationship between human language and other animal communication systems; and cultural and social dimensions of language variation (including the study of regional and social dialects, code switching and mixing, speaking styles, registers, and idiolects). The course is intended both as the College’s general introduction to formal linguistics and as a foundation for more advanced courses in related areas. Mr. Porcello.

170a. Topics in Anthropology (1)

This course provides the student with an introduction to anthropology through a focus on a particular issue or aspect of human experience. Topics vary, but may include Anthropology through Film, American Popular Culture, Extinctions, Peoples of the World. The Department.

Open only to freshmen. Satisfies requirement for a Freshmen Course.

Topic for 2005/06a: Language Facts, Language Fictions. True or false: women talk too much and men refuse to listen; Italian is beautiful, while German is ugly; double negatives are illogical; television is ruining the English language; there are primitive languages that have no grammar; southerners speak more slowly than northerners; everybody has an accent except where I grew up; language is used primarily to communicate factual information about the world; Eskimos have seventeen words for ‘snow’; men interrupt more than women; girls imitate how their mothers talk, while boys imitate how their fathers talk; everyone in Boston says, ‘cah’ instead of ‘car’; if you grow up speaking two languages, you’ll never speak either one perfectly. These statements represent the kinds of judgments we all tend to make about languages and everyday speech. Even as the course provides a solid grounding in linguistic analysis, it explores and explodes such judgments by asking students to assess critically their own ideas and ideologies about language. Mr. Porcello.

II. Intermediate

201b. Anthropological Theory (1)

In this course we explore the history of intellectual innovations that make anthropology distinctive among the social sciences. We seek to achieve an analytic perspective on the history of the discipline and also to consider the social and political contexts, and consequences, of anthropology’s theory. While the course is historical and chronological in organization, we read major theoretical and ethnographic works that form the background to debates and issues in contemporary anthropology. Ms. Kaplan.

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: Anthropology 140.

212b. World Musics (1)

(Same as Music 212)

231b. Topics in Archaeology (1)

An examination of topics of interest in current archaeological analysis. We examine the anthropological reasons for such analyses, how analysis proceeds, what has been discovered to date through such analyses, and what the future of the topic seems to be. Possible topics include tools and human behavior, lithic technology, the archaeology of death, prehistoric settlement systems, origins of material culture.

May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.

Prerequisite: prior coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.

Topic for 2005/06: The Archaeology of Death. Skeletal remains of past populations have been a focus of interest for physical anthropologists, archaeologists, and medical practitioners since the nineteenth century. This course introduces students to (1) biomedical archaeology: the study of health and disease, and the demographic, genetic, and environmental [natural, cultural and social] factors that affect a population’s risk for specific diseases; (2) forensic anthropology: the study of identifying the dead and the cause of death; (3) paleopathology: the study of injury and disease in ancient skeletons; and (4) cross-cultural attitudes toward death, including such things as issues of grave goods and monuments, and controversies that arise between archaeologists and communities when the spiritual value of ancestral bones is pitted against their scientific value. Ms. Pike-Tay.

232a. Topics in Biological Anthropology (1)

This course covers topics within the broad field of biological (or physical) anthropology ranging from evolutionary theory to the human fossil record to the identification of human skeletal remains from crime scenes and accidents. Bioanthropology conceptualizes cultural behavior as an integral part of our behavior as a species. Topics covered in this course may include human evolution, primate behavior, population genetics, human demography and variation, or forensic anthropology.

May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.

Prerequisite: prior coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.

Topic for 2005/06a: Function and Evolution of the Human Skeleton. The skeleton is the most useful single structure in the body as an indicator of general body form and function. Muscles, tendons, and ligaments leave marks where they attach to bones, and from such marks we can assess the form and size of the body’s soft anatomy and function. Studies of fossil bones and teeth are direct behavioral indicators, providing information regarding diet, locomotor patterns, and health status of the animals of which they were a part. In this course we learn the bones and landmarks of the human skeleton and compare the anatomy and physiology of living animals—especially monkeys and apes-with those of living humans to enhance our understanding of the relationship between form and function. In addition, the evolution of the skeletal functional morphology of the primate order is emphasized throughout the course. Ms. Johnson.

[235b. Area Studies in Prehistory] (1)

This course is a detailed, intensive investigation of archaeological remains from a particular geographic region of the world. The area investigated varies from year to year and includes such areas as Eurasia, North America, and the native civilizations of Central and South America.

May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.

Prerequisites: Prior coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.

Not offered in 2005/06.

240a or b. Cultural Localities (1)

Detailed study of the cultures of people living in a particular area of the world, including their politics, economy, world view, religion, expressive practices, and historical transformations. Included is a critical assessment of different approaches to the study of culture. Areas covered vary from year to year and may include Europe, Africa, North America, and India.

May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.

Prerequisite: previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of ­

instructor.

Topic for 2005/06a: The Islands of the Indian Ocean. This course is an introduction to the multiple cultures and peoples of the Indian Ocean. Using historical works, ethnographies, novels, and film, we explore the complex trade networks and historical processes that have shaped the contemporary economies, cultures, and social problems of the region. Although the course concentrates on the southwest Indian Ocean, we approach the region as a cultural, economic, and political sphere whose various regions were closely interconnected. Topics include: colonialism, labor and trade migrations, religion, race, gender, and creolization. Ms. Lowe.

[241b. The Caribbean] (1)

An overview of the cultures of the Caribbean, tracing the impact of slavery and colonialism on contemporary experiences and expressions of Caribbean identity. Using ethnographies, historical accounts, literature, music, and film, the course explores the multiple meanings of ‘Caribbean,’ as described in historical travel accounts and contemporary tourist brochures, as experienced in daily social, political, and economic life, and as expressed through cultural events such as calypso contests and Festival and cultural-political movements such as rastafarianism. Although the course deals primarily with the English-speaking Caribbean, it also includes materials on the French and Spanish speaking Caribbean and on diasporic Caribbean communities in the U.S. and U.K. Ms. Cohen.

Prerequisite: Previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of

instructor.

Alternate years: not offered in 2005/06.

[242b. The Frozen North] (1)

Characterized by extreme cold, a dearth of plants, and rich fauna on the land and in the seas, the polar and sub-polar regions called forth unique biological and cultural adaptations from their human inhabitants. This course concentrates on peoples of the far north, looking at the myriad adjustments in technology, material culture, social structure, and ideology necessary to survive and thrive in this extreme environment. It also examines the northern people’s interactions with the Europeans who invaded the area over the past millennium. Ms. Johnson.

Prerequisite: previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of­

instructor.

Alternate years: not offered in 2005/06.

243b. The Pacific (1)

An introduction to the cultures and histories of peoples of the Pacific, and to important anthropological issues that have resulted from research in the Pacific. Using historical and ethnographic documents and films, the course explores the variety of Pacific societies, from the chiefly kingdoms of Polynesia to the egalitarian societies of Papua New Guinea with some attention as well to Asian labor-diaspora communities in Hawaii and Fiji. The course analyzes the European cultural fascination with the “exotic” Pacific as well as Pacific islanders’ own visions and versions of their history and goals in the encounter with European colonialism and Christianity, and in the post-colonial present. Ms. Kaplan.

Prerequisite: previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of

instructor.

Alternate years: offered in 2005/06.

245a. The Ethnographer’s Craft (1)

(Same as Urban Studies 245) This course introduces students to the methods employed in constructing and analyzing ethnographic materials through readings, classroom lectures, and discussions with regular field exercises. Students gain experience in participant-observation, fieldnote-taking, interviewing, survey sampling, symbolic analysis, the use of archival documents, and the use of contemporary media. Attention is also given to current concerns with interpretation and modes of representation. Throughout the semester, students practice skills they learn in the course as they design, carry out, and write up original ethnographic projects. The department.

247a. Modern Social Theory: Marx, Durkheim, and Weber (1)

(Same as Sociology 247a)

250b. Language, Culture, and Society (1)

This course draws on a wide range of theoretical perspectives in exploring a particular problem, emphasizing the contribution of linguistics and linguistic anthropology to issues that bear on research in a number of disciplines. At issue in each selected course topic are the complex ways in which cultures, societies, and individuals are interrelated in the act of using language within and across particular speech communities.

May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.

Prerequisite: previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of

instructor.

Topic for 2005/06b: Language, Empire, and National Identity. How have colonial and post-colonial states formulated language policies, and to what degree have their subjects conformed to or resisted these attempts? How does language use relate to a sense of belonging to a national or local entity? What aspects of language use represent and reproduce such forms of collective identity? This course proposes a selective survey of anthropological, historical, and linguistic approaches to these questions, through a consideration of language contact in colonial and neo-colonial situations, a comparison of linguistic policies imposed by empires and nation-states on their subjects, and the conflict between official languages and linguistic minorities—such as the “English Only” movement in the U.S., or linguistic conflicts in Spain, Canada, Turkey, and the former Soviet Republics. The course addresses a number of case studies—drawn from cultural localities in the Americas, Europe, the Middle East, and Asia—that cover the range between institutional language reform and individual strategies of accommodation and resistance. Students may elect to pursue a short research project informed by these approaches. Mr. Tavárez.

[255b. Language and Gender] (1)

This course focuses on language as a cultural means of communication. Gender is approached both as a grammatical category and as a social category of person linked to different kinds of language use. The course explores the way in which language use and ideologies about language use both inform and are informed by gender. The investigation of language and gender and of gender-related social movements are explored from a cross-cultural perspective. Mr. Porcello.

Not offered in 2005/06.

259a. Soundscapes: Anthropology of Music (1)

(Same as Music 259) This course investigates a series of questions about the relationship between music and the individuals and societies that perform and listen to it. In other words, music is examined and appreciated as a form of human expression existing within and across specific cultural contexts. How does music create and express social identity, value, and difference? How is music used to include or exclude individuals from group membership? How is group solidarity-stylistic, ethnic, nationalistic-linked to patterns of musical production and consumption? How do we make sense of our lives through making and listening to music? Where do musicians draw their creativity from? How do we listen? Why do we perform? The course takes an interdisciplinary approach to the social life of music, addressing historical themes and debates within multiple academic fields (anthropology, ethnomusicology, sociology, linguistics, philosophical aesthetics, cultural and media studies) via readings, recordings, and films. Mr. Porcello.

Prerequisites: prior coursework in Anthropology or Music, or by permission of instructor.

260b. Current Themes in Anthropological Theory and Method (1)

The focus is upon particular cultural sub-systems and their study in cross-cultural perspective. The sub-system selected varies from year to year. Examples include: kinship systems, political organizations, religious beliefs and practices, verbal and nonverbal communication.

May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.

Prerequisite: previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of­

instructor.

Topic for 2005/06b: Ethnography and Detective Fiction. The course studies detective fiction from its beginnings in the nineteenth century classical detective story to its most recent forms, focusing in particular on novels in which indigenous detectives solve mysteries through their knowledge of their cultures. We explore the detective genre and relevant ethnographies to place these stories in their historic, literary, and ethnographic contexts. The overarching themes of the course are the acquisition of knowledge and problem solving in social science and in detective fiction. Ms. Goldstein.

[261. Culture, Power, History] (1)

This course examines the turn to historical questions in current anthropology. What are the implications of cultural difference for an understanding of history, and of history for an understanding of culture? Recent works which propose new ways of thinking about western and non-western peoples and the power to make history are read. Theoretical positions include structure and history, world system, hegemony and resistance, globalization theory, and discourse approaches. Historical/ethnographic situations range from New Guinea cargo cults to the English industrial revolution, from the history of sugar as a commodity to the colonizing of Egypt, from debates about the sexuality of women and Hindu gods in Fiji to the role of spirit mediums in the struggle for Zimbabwe. The department.

Prerequisite: previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of

instructor.

Alternate years: not offered in 2005/06.

[262b. Anthropological Approaches to Myth, Ritual and Symbol] (1)

What is the place of myth, ritual and symbol in human social life? Do symbols reflect reality, or create it? This course considers answers to these questions in social theory (Marx, Freud and Durkheim) and in major anthropological approaches (functionalism, structuralism, and symbolic anthropology). It then reviews current debates in interpretive anthropology about order and change, power and resistance, and the role of ritual in the making of history. Ethnographic studies include Fiji, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, sixteenth century Italy, the Seneca, and the U.S. The department.

Prerequisite: previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of

instructor.

Alternate years: not offered in 2005/06.

[263a. Anthropology Goes to the Movies: Film, Video, and Ethnography] (1)

This course examines how film and video are used in ethnography as tools for study and as means of ethnographic documentary and representation. Topics covered include history and theory of visual anthropology, issues of representation and audience, indigenous film, and contemporary ethnographic approaches to popular media. Ms. Cohen.

Prerequisite: previous coursework in Anthropology or Film or by permission of instructor.

Two 75-minute class periods, plus 3-hour preview lab.

Not offered in 2005/06.

264a. Anthropology of Art (1)

The Anthropology of Art explores the practices of producing and interpreting art. The course moves from classic analyses of the form and function of art in the work of Franz Boas, through ethnoaesthetics, to the developing world market in the art objects traditionally studied by anthropologists. Among the topics explored in the course are connoisseurship and taste, authenticity, “primitive art,” and the ethnographic museum. Ms. Goldstein.

Prerequisite: previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of

instructor.

290a or b. Field Work (1⁄2 or 1)

Individual or group field projects or internships. May be elected during the college year or during the summer. Open to all students. The department.

297a or b. Reading Course in Archaeological Field Methods (1⁄2)

Ms. Johnson.

298a or b. Independent Work (1⁄2 or 1)

Individual or group project of reading or research. May be elected during the college year or during the summer. The department.

III. Advanced

300a or b. Senior Thesis (1)

The department.

301a. Senior Seminar (1)

A close examination of current theory in anthropology, oriented around a topic of general interest, such as history and anthropology, the writing of ethnography, or the theory of practice. Students write a substantial paper applying one or more of the theories discussed in class. Readings change from year to year. Ms. Goldstein.

[305a or b. Topics in Advanced Biological Anthropology] (1)

An examination of such topics as primate structure and behavior, the Plio-Pleistocene hominids, the final evolution of Homo sapiens sapiens, forensic anthropology, and human biological diversity.

May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.

Prerequisite: Anthropology 232 or by permission of the instructor.

Not offered in 2005/06.

331a. Seminar in Archaeological Method and Theory (1)

The theoretical underpinnings of anthropological archaeology and the use of theory in studying particular bodies of data. The focus ranges from examination of published data covering topics such as architecture and society, the origin of complex society, the relationship between technology and ecology to more laboratory-oriented examination of such topics as archaeometry, archaeozoology, or lithic technology.

Prerequisites: 200-level work in archaeology or by permission of instructor.

May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.

Topic for 2005/06a: Great Digs! Projects that Transformed our Approaches to the Past. Archaeology went through major theoretical transformations during the twentieth century, and most of these were initiated or solidified by a particular excavation. This course examines a number of these projects, concentrating on the questions asked by the investigators, how the research was designed to answer these questions, what the results were, and how the authors of the reports used them to change archaeological paradigms. Ms. Johnson.

351b. Language and Expressive Culture (1)

This seminar provides the advanced student with an intensive investigation of theoretical and practical problems in specific areas of research that relate language and linguistics to expressive activity. Although emphasizing linguistic modes of analysis and argumentation, the course is situated at the intersection of important intellectual crosscurrents in the arts, humanities, and social sciences that focus on how culture is produced and projected through not only verbal, but also musical, material, kinaesthetic, and dramatic arts. Each topic culminates in independent research projects.

May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.

Prerequisite: previous coursework in linguistics or by permission of instructor.

Topic for 2005/06b: Media(tized) Language. (Same as Media Studies 351) This course utilizes approaches drawn from psycholinguistics, semiotics, and critical discourse analysis to examine a series of issues linking linguistic form and practice to both digital and mass media. The course begins by contrasting semiotic and discursive analyses of television, print, and web-based advertising, with a particular emphasis on their linguistic structuring. The second section of the course utilizes critical discourse analysis to examine fact-based media content (e.g., news, eyewitness accounts) from print, television, and the Internet as forms of narrative and rhetoric deeply implicated in constructing the events they purport to describe. A final section of the course sustains a focus on linguistic issues attendant to digital media. Issues investigated include the metaphors used to organize web structures; linguistic analysis of email and chat as forms intermediate to speech and writing; the web’s effects on language-leveling; how language revitalization movements utilize digital media; and the web’s relation to English as the world’s de facto lingua franca. Mr. Porcello.

360. Problems in Cultural Analysis (1)

Covers a variety of current issues in modern anthropology in terms of ongoing discussion among scholars of diverse opinions rather than a rigid body of fact and theory. The department.

May be repeated for credit if topic has changed.

Prerequisites: Previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.

Topic for 2005/06a. : Representing Islam: Conflict, Myth and Encounter with the Other in the 20th century US. The Muslim east has long been the object of fascination for the Western world. Historically, American encounters with Islam have been framed by particular myths and narratives about the ?Muslim Other.? In this class, we examine a range of representations of Muslims, from early 20th century travelers? exotic accounts of the desert, to Hollywood depictions of Muslim women as mysterious and hypersexual but also oppressed, to contemporary news coverage of the Muslim world as violent, anti-modern and stuck in the past. By isolating key moments of ?contact/conflict? between the US and Muslims in the 20th century, we explore the connections between US foreign policy and Islam in the American cultural imagination. We look at the US?s relationship to the Muslim Middle East as well as Muslim American communities and iconic Muslim figures like Mohammad Ali and Salman Rushdie. Typically, these conflicts are represented as spontaneous and isolated, however, in this course students put these moments of conflict in the context of the history of a long and complex relationship between the US and the Muslim world. Ms. Grewal.

Topic for 2005/06b: Native Religions and Christianity in the Americas. The European conquest of the Americas was accompanied by an ambivalent process of religious acculturation usually designated by the euphemism “spiritual conquest.” This terse label stands for a broad range of intellectual projects devised by European missionaries to translate and negotiate Christian terms and codes of behavior, which were irrevocably changed by native forms of accommodation and resistance. This course examines the broad range of indigenous responses to the introduction of Christianity in indigenous societies of the Americas from an anthropological, ethnohistorical, and linguistic perspective. Through a regional focus on northeastern North America, Mesoamerica, the Andes, and the Amazon Basin, we analyze the impact of Christian colonial and postcolonial evangelization projects on indigenous languages, religious practices, literary genres, social organization and gender roles, and examine contemporary native Christianities—including those influenced by Protestant missions—through a selection of readings and films. Mr. Tavárez.

361b. Consumer Culture (1)

An examination of classic and recent work on the culture of consumption. Among the topics we study are gender and consumption, the creation of value, commodity fetishism, the history of the department store, and the effect of Western goods on non-Western societies. Ms. Goldstein.

Prerequisite: previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of

instructor.

362a. Race, Ethnicity, and Gender (1)

This seminar examines the influence of culture on two categories of difference that are presumed to be natural: race and gender. The course explores the contributions of anthropologists to understandings of race and gender by focusing on related debates, public policies, and medical discourses, as well as how the content and form of these distinctions vary across space and time. Using ethnographies, various theoretical perspectives, historical documents and films, we think critically about how, when, and towards what ends race and gender are deployed, and about the relationship between these constructs. Attention is also given to the related concepts of ethnicity and sexuality. Ms. Lowe.

363a. Nations, Globalization, and Post-Coloniality (1)

(Same as International Studies 363) How do conditions of globalization and dilemmas of post-coloniality challenge the nation-state? Do they also reinforce and reinvent it? This course engages three related topics and literatures; recent anthropology of the nation-state; the anthropology of colonial and post-colonial societies; and the anthropology of global institutions and global flows. Ms. Kaplan.

Prerequisite: previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of

instructor.

[364a. Tourism] (1)

Recreational travel to distant places to experience other cultures is becoming big business as tourism achieves the status of one of the leading growth industries world-wide. This course explores this trend, emphasizing the history of tourism, the role played by and the impact of tourism in the process of development, the relationship between tourism and constructions of national and cultural identities and negotiations for power, and the concept “tourist” as it applies to the experience of recreational travelers and ethnographic study and representation alike. Students use ethnographic case studies, novels, essays, historical travel journals, travel brochures, advertisements, and personal narratives, to prepare in-depth analyses and accounts of tourism. Ms. Cohen.

Prerequisite: previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of

instructor.

Not offered in 2005/06.

399a or b. Senior Independent Work (1⁄2 or 1)

Individual or group project of reading or research. May be elected during the college year or during the summer. The department.