Anthropology Department

Professors: Colleen Ballerino Cohen (Chair), Judith L. Goldstein, Lucy Lewis Johnson; Associate Professors: Martha Kaplan, Anne Pike-Tay; Assistant Professor: Thomas Porcello.

The field of anthropology seeks to promote a holistic understanding of social life by offering complex accounts of human histories, societies and cultures. Anthropologists undertake ethnographic, archival, and archaeological research on the varied aspects of individual and collective experience in all time periods and parts of the world. The Department of Anthropology offers a wide range of options for majors and for nonmajors in recognition of the broad interdisciplinary nature of the field. Nonmajors from all classes may choose courses at any level with permission of the instructor and without introductory anthropology as a prerequisite.

Requirements for Concentration: 12 units including Anthropology 140, 201, 301, and two additional 300-level seminars. It is required that students take Anthropology 201 by the end of their junior year and highly recommended that they take it in their sophomore year. Anthropology 140 is a prerequisite or co-requisite for Anthropology 201. Students are required to take courses in at least three of the four fields of anthropology; those being archaeology, biological anthropology, cultural anthropology, and linguistics. Students are also required to achieve familiarity with the peoples and cultures of at least two areas of the world. This requirement can be met by taking any two courses in the range from Anthropology 235-244 or other courses by petition. The remaining courses are to be chosen from among the departmental offerings in consultation with the adviser, in order to give the student both a strong focus within anthropology and an overall understanding of the field. With the consent of the adviser, students may petition the department to take up to 2 of the 12 required units in courses outside the department which are related to their focus. Once a course plan has been devised, it must be approved by the department faculty.

NRO: One introductory course taken NRO may count towards the major if a letter grade is received. If a student receives a PA for an introductory course taken under the NRO option, that student must complete 13 courses for an anthropology major. No other required courses for the major may be taken NRO.

Requirements for a Correlate Sequence: 6 units to include 1 unit at the 100-level and 2 units at the 300-level. Courses should be chosen in consultation with an anthropology department adviser in order to a) complement the student's major and b) form a coherent focus within anthropology. Possible concentrations include cultural studies, field work, evolution, archaeology, language. One introductory course taken NRO may count towards the correlate sequence if a letter grade is received. If a student receives a PA for an introductory course taken under the NRO option, that student must complete seven courses for an anthropology correlate sequence. No other required courses for the correlate sequence may be taken NRO.

Recommendations: The field experience is essential to the discipline of anthropology. Therefore, majors are urged to take at least one fieldwork course, to engage in field research during the summer, and/or to undertake independent fieldwork under a study away program.

Anthropological Research Experience: The department also offers students the opportunity for independent fieldwork/research projects through several of its courses and in conjunction with on-going faculty research projects. Opportunities for laboratory research, which is also critical to anthropological inquiry, are available in our archaeology, biological anthropology, sound analysis, and digital video editing labs.

Advisers: The department.

 

I. Introductory

 
100a.   Archaeology
(1)
Archaeologists study the material evidence of past human cultures. In this course students learn how archaeologists dig up physical remains, tools, and houses and use these data to reconstruct and understand past cultures. The methods and theory behind archaeological recovery, problem solving and interpretation are learned through the use of selected site reports, articles from all over the world, and hands on experimentation. Ms. Pike-Tay.
 
120b.   Human Origins
(1)
This course introduces current and historical debates in the study of human evolution. Primate studies, genetics, the fossil record and paleoecology are drawn upon to address such issues as the origins of nature of human cognition, sexuality, and population variation. Ms. Johnson.
 
140a or b.   Cultural Anthropology
(1)
An introduction to central concepts, methods, and findings in cultural anthropology, including culture, cultural difference, the interpretation of culture, and participant-observation. The course uses cross-cultural comparison to question scholarly and commonsense understandings of human nature. Topics may include sexuality, kinship, political and economic systems, myth, ritual and cosmology, and culturally varied ways of constructing race, gender, and ethnicity. Students undertake small research projects and explore different styles of ethnographic writing. The department.
 
150a or b.   Linguistics and Anthropology
(1)
This course provides the student with a practical introduction to structuralist methods of linguistic analysis. There is a focus on both theoretical discussions about, and practical exercises in, the phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics of natural human languages. Additional topics include: the acquisition of linguistic and communicative competence the relationship between human language and other animal communication systems and cultural and social dimensions of language variation (including the study of regional and social dialects, code switching and mixing, speaking styles, registers, and idiolects). The course is intended both as the College's general introduction to formal linguistics and as a foundation for more advanced courses in related areas. Mr. Porcello.
 
182.   Extinctions: Causes and Culprits
(1)
Australia, New Guinea, and the Americas were full of very large mammals during the last Ice Age. In the Americas, camels, giant sloths, mammoths and mastodons became extinct between roughly 17,000 to 12,000 years ago. Greater Australia's giant marsupials and giant flightless birds disappeared even earlier. Many researchers see environmental change as the cause of these extinctions while just as many attribute primary cause to early human "big game" hunters. This class reviews the historic and current debates weighing the roles of human, ecological and environmental causes and culprits of the extinctions of Pleistocene megafauna as well as of many more recent species. Ms. Pike-Tay.
       Open only to freshmen. Satisfies requirement for a Freshmen Course.
 
 

II. Intermediate

 
201b.   Anthropological Theory
(1)
In this course we explore the history of intellectual innovations that make anthropology distinctive among the social sciences. We seek to achieve an analytic perspective on the history of the discipline and also to consider the social and political contexts, and consequences, of anthropology's theory. While the course is historical and chronological in organization, we read major theoretical and ethnographic works that form the background to debates and issues in contemporary anthropology. Ms. Kaplan.
       Prerequisite or Co-requisite: Anthropology 140.
 
[212.   World Musics]
(1)
(Same as Music 212)
       Not offered in 2002/03.
 
[231a or b.   Topics in Archaeology]
(1)
An examination of topics of interest in current archaeological analysis. We examine the anthropological reasons for such analyses, how analysis proceeds, what has been discovered to date through such analyses, and what the future of the topic seems to be. Possible topics include tools and human behavior, lithic technology, the archaeology of death, prehistoric settlement systems, origins of material culture.
       May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.
       Not offered in 2002/03.
 
232a.   Topics in Biological Anthropology
(1)
This course covers topics within the broad field of biological (or physical) anthropology ranging from evolutionary theory to the human fossil record to the identification of human skeletal remains from crime scenes and accidents. Bioanthropology conceptualizes cultural behavior as an integral part of our behavior as a species. Topics covered in this course may include human evolution, primate behavior, population genetics, human demography and variation, or forensic anthropology.
       May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.
       Topic for 2002/03a: Function and Evolution of the Human Skeleton. The skeleton is the most useful single structure in the body as an indicator of general body form and function. Muscles, tendons, and ligaments leave marks where they attach to bones, and from such marks we can assess the form and size of the body's soft anatomy and function. Studies of fossil bones and teeth are direct behavioral indicators providing information regarding diet, locomotor patterns, and health status of the animals of which they were a part. In this course we compare the anatomy and physiology of living animals - especially monkeys and apes - with that of living humans to enhance our understanding of the relationship between form and function. In addition, the evolution of the skeletal functional morphology of the primate order is emphasized throughout the course. Ms. Johnson.
       Prerequisite: Prior coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.
 
235a or b.   Area Studies in Prehistory
(1)
This course is a detailed, intensive investigation of archaeological remains from a particular geographic region of the world. The area investigated varies from year to year and includes such areas as Eurasia, North America, and the native civilizations of Central and South America.
       May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.
       Prerequisites: Prior coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.
       Topic for 2002/03a: Prehistory of North America. The native peoples and cultures of North America have been central to the development of American anthropology as a discipline. This course examines what is known of the prehistory of the Americas north of Mexico, what problems have particularly interested the archaeologists who have studied this area over the past century, and how the focus of the archaeologist has been influenced by the concerns of the larger anthropological community. Ms. Johnson.
 
240a or b.   Cultural Localities
(1)
Detailed study of the cultures of people living in a particular area of the world, including their politics, economy, world view, religion, expressive practices, and historical transformations. Included is a critical assessment of different approaches to the study of culture. Areas covered vary from year to year and may include Europe, Africa, North America, and India. The Department.
       May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.
       Prerequisite: Previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.
       Topic for 2002/03a: Technology and the American Music Industry. (Same as American Culture 240) This course examines the cultural dimensions and historical development of sound recording and reproduction technologies, and analyzes their impact on the production and consumption of a variety of twentieth-century musical genres. Particular attention is given to: the nature of sonic fidelity and the technological drive toward audio "transparency" the evolution of sound recording tools and techniques technological failures (e.g., 8-track tapes, Quad sound) and the representation of sound recording in popular literature and film. These topics are illustrated with extensive examples from American classical, jazz, rock, and rap music. Mr. Porcello, Mr. Moore.
       Topic for 2002/03b: The Ethnography of North America. The study of "American Indians" shaped and defined the field of anthropology in America. This course focuses on the history of both Native Americans and their students over the last five centuries. The course begins with an overview of Native American cultures and then turns to an examination of trends in American anthropology as reflected in ethnographic studies of Native American peoples. Ms. Johnson.
 
[241b.   The Caribbean]
(1)
An overview of the cultures of the Caribbean, tracing the impact of slavery and colonialism on contemporary experiences and expressions of Caribbean identity. Using ethnographies, historical accounts, literature, music, and film, the course explores the multiple meanings of 'Caribbean,' as described in historical travel accounts and contemporary tourist brochures, as experienced in daily social, political, and economic life, and as expressed through cultural events such as calypso contests and Festival and cultural-political movements such as rastafarianism. Although the course deals primarily with the English-speaking Caribbean, it also includes materials on the French and Spanish speaking Caribbean and on diasporic Caribbean communities in the U.S. and U.K. Ms. Cohen.
       Prerequisite: Previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.
       Alternate years: Not offered in 2002/03.
 
[242.   The Frozen North]
(1)
Characterized by extreme cold, a dearth of plants, and rich fauna on the land and in the seas, the polar and sub-polar regions called forth unique biological and cultural adaptations from their human inhabitants. This course concentrates on peoples of the far north, looking at the myriad adjustments in technology, material culture, social structure, and ideology necessary to survive and thrive in this extreme environment. It also examines the northern people's interactions with the Europeans who invaded the area over the past millennium. Ms. Johnson.
       Prerequisite: Previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.
       Alternate years: Not offered in 2002/03.
 
243a.   The Pacific
(1)
An introduction to the cultures and histories of peoples of the Pacific, and to important anthropological issues that have resulted from research in the Pacific. Using historical and ethnographic documents and films, the course explores the variety of Pacific societies, from the chiefly kingdoms of Polynesia to the egalitarian societies of Papua New Guinea with some attention as well to Asian labor-diaspora communities in Hawaii and Fiji. The course analyzes the European cultural fascination with the "exotic" Pacific as well as Pacific islanders' own visions and versions of their history and goals in the encounter with European colonialism and Christianity, and in the post-colonial present. Ms. Kaplan.
       Prerequisite: Previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.
       Alternate years: Offered in 2002/03.
 
245b.   The Ethnographer's Craft
(1)
(Same as Urban Studies 245) This course introduces students to the methods employed in constructing and analyzing ethnographic materials by combining readings, classroom lectures, and discussions with regular field exercises. Students gain experience in participant-observation, fieldnote-taking, interviewing, survey sampling, domain analysis, symbolic analysis, quantitative analysis, the use of archival documents and contemporary media in ethnographic work, and how to formulate field problems. Attention is also given to current concerns with interpretation and modes of representation. The department.
 
247a.   Modern Social Theory: Marx, Durkheim, and Weber
(1)
(Same as Sociology 247a)
 
250.   Language, Culture, and Society
(1)
This course draws on a wide range of theoretical perspectives in exploring a particular problem, emphasizing the contribution of linguistics and linguistic anthropology to issues that bear on research in a number of disciplines. At issue in each selected course topic are the complex ways in which cultures, societies, and individuals are interrelated in the act of using language within and across particular speech communities. The department.
       May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.
       Prerequisite: Previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.
       Topic for 2002/03b: Pidgin and Creole Languages. Pidgin and creoel languages have often emerged in the context of dramatic cultural contact, manifest as exploration, conquest, slavery, and colonialism. This course compares the processes of pidginization and creolization with other forms of language and development, and examines the similarity of creoles and pidgins to other) Emarginal, vernaculars as well as the endurance of such languages with respect to contemporary social processes. Key questions addressed int he course are: To what extent is the designation of a language as "pidgin" or "creole" a socio-politically and socio-economically derived category? Under what conditions do creoles and pidgins survive? How are Creole languages revitalized and constrained by nationalism and local class relations? specific cases to be examined include Atlantic English, French, and Portuguese creoles, Hawaiian Creole, Black Vernacular English, and the debate about the creolization, or lack thereof, of Spanish in the Americas. Mr. Mantz
       Two 75-minute periods.
 
[255a.   Language and Gender]
(1)
This course focuses on language as a cultural means of communication. Gender is approached both as a grammatical category and as a social category of person linked to different kinds of language use. The course explores the way in which language use and ideologies about language use both inform and are informed by gender. The investigation of language and gender and of gender-related social movements are explored from a cross-cultural perspective. Mr. Porcello.
       Not offered in 2002/03.
 
[259.   Soundscapes: Anthropology of Music]
(1)
(Same as Music 259) This course investigates a series of questions about the relationship between music and the individuals and societies that perform and listen to it. In other words, music is examined and appreciated as a form of human expression existing within and across specific cultural contexts. How does music create and express social identity, value, and difference? How is music used to include or exclude individuals from group membership? How is group solidarity-stylistic, ethnic, nationalistic-linked to patterns of musical production and consumption? How do we make sense of our lives through making and listening to music? Where do musicians draw their creativity from? How do we listen? Why do we perform? The course takes an interdisciplinary approach to the social life of music, addressing historical themes and debates within multiple academic fields (anthropology, ethnomusicology, sociology, linguistics, philosophical aesthetics, cultural and media studies) via readings, recordings, and films. Mr. Porcello.
       Prerequisites: Prior coursework in Anthropology or Music, or by permission of instructor.
       Not offered in 2002/03.
 
260b.   Current Themes in Anthropological Theory and Method
(1)
The focus is upon particular cultural sub-systems and their study in cross-cultural perspective. The sub-system selected varies from year to year. Examples include: kinship systems, political organizations, religious beliefs and practices, verbal and nonverbal communication. The department.
       May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.
       Prerequisite: Previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.
       Two 75-minute periods.
       Topic for 2002/03b: Ethnography and Detective Fiction. The course studies detective fiction from its beginnings in the 19th century classical detective story to its most recent forms, focusing in particular on novels in which indigenous detectives solve mysteries through their knowledge of their cultures. We explore the detective genre and relevant ethnographies to place these stories in their historic, literary, and ethnographic contexts. An overarching theme of the course is the acquisition of knowledge in social science and in detective fiction.
       Topic for 2002/03b: Space, Place, and Locality. This course looks at ways in which we can understand the meanings of space, place, and locality. While it examines these concepts cross-culturally, a cultural and historical examination of certain key spaces of North America is central to it. We look into the formation and the modalities of the space of the American suburb, the shopping mall and border-zones. How do these spaces determine our understanding of ourselves and of others? Why and how to we think of some as places of security and some as those of violence and strife? How do such formative space-histories affect our practices of travel, tourism and research in other spaces? How do these histories of North American spaces of living affect global discourses of citizenship and security? We also look into contemporary but different discourses of space and locality that are emanating from other sites in the world, such as third world cities, indigenous fourth-world movements, and transnational migrations. How, if at all, do these conceptualizations of locality and space speak to us? Through this examination of space and place, the course aims to make us critically aware of the nature of our embedding in the places we inhabit and the significance of that for our contemporary problems of violence, security, immigration and community. Mr. Ghosh
 
[261.   Culture, Power, History]
(1)
This course examines the turn to historical questions in current anthropology. What are the implications of cultural difference for an understanding of history, and of history for an understanding of culture? Recent works which propose new ways of thinking about western and non-western peoples and the power to make history are read. Theoretical positions include structure and history, world system, hegemony and resistance, globalization theory, and discourse approaches. Historical/ethnographic situations range from New Guinea cargo cults to the English industrial revolution, from the history of sugar as a commodity to the colonizing of Egypt, from debates about the sexuality of women and Hindu gods in Fiji to the role of spirit mediums in the struggle for Zimbabwe. Ms. Kaplan.
       Prerequisite: Previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.
       Alternate years: Not offered in 2002/03.
 
262a.   Anthropological Approaches to Myth, Ritual and Symbol
(1)
What is the place of myth, ritual and symbol in human social life? Do symbols reflect reality, or create it? This course considers answers to these questions in social theory (Marx, Freud and Durkheim) and in major anthropological approaches (functionalism, structuralism, and symbolic anthropology). It then reviews current debates in interpretive anthropology about order and change, power and resistance, and the role of ritual in the making of history. Ethnographic studies include Fiji, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, sixteenth century Italy, the Seneca, and the U.S. The department.
       Prerequisite: Previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.
       Alternate years: offered in 2002/03.
 
263a.   Anthropology Goes to the Movies: Film, Video, and Ethnography
(1)
This course examines how film and video are used in ethnography as tools for study and as means of ethnographic documentary and representation. Topics covered include history and theory of visual anthropology, issues of representation and audience, indigenous film, and contemporary ethnographic approaches to popular media. Ms. Cohen.
       Prerequisite: Previous coursework in Anthropology or Film or by permission of instructor.
       Two 75-minute class periods, plus 3-hour preview lab.
 
264b.   Anthropology of Art
(1)
This course develops a cultural framework for the investigation of artistic expression drawing upon anthropological approaches, semiotics and aesthetics to examine art and culture. Topics such as the origins of art and symbolic expression in human prehistory Western representations of non-Western art connoisseurship the market economy and the categories of "fine art," "tourist art," and "graffiti art" are addressed. Ms. Pike-Tay.
       Prerequisite: Previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.
 
283b.   Biotechnology and Culture
(1)
(Sames as Science Technology and Society 283) Biotechnology, as part of a new and radical way of generating and managing information that is part of the Information Technology revolution, is with us today in more ways than may be obvious. The products and processes of biotechnology are integral to our diet, the medical systems we are daily exposed to, the "nature" that we enjoy or are fearful of and the very modes in which we may be conceptualizing our bodies and selves today. What is the significance of biotechnology - as a putative intervention in the realm of Nature -- for the symbolic systems or cultural worlds we live in? What are the shifts that are taking place in the realm of culture and ourselves because of biotechnology? How is biotechnology itself being produced and assimilated as a cultural object? This course explores the nature and meanings of biotechnology today, especially in relation to the problem of culture. Through readings from anthropology, history and sociology of science, ecology, genetics, popular media and even financial markets, we try to plot the way biotechnology is reshaping the domain of culture while it itself becomes a part of our lived, cultural landscape. Students learn about some of the basics of genetics and scientific methods applied in biotechnology. Mr. Ghosh
       Prerequisite: Prior coursework in Anthropology or STS or permission of the instructor
       Two 75-minute periods.
 
289.   History of India
(1)
(Same as Asian Studies 289)
 
290a or b.   Field Work
(1/2 or 1)
Individual or group field projects or internships. May be elected during the college year or during the summer. Open to all students. The department.
 
297a or b.   Reading Course in Archaeological Field Methods
(1/2)
Ms. Johnson.
 
298a or b.   Independent Work
(1/2 or 1)
Individual or group project of reading or research. May be elected during the college year or during the summer. The department.
 
 

III. Advanced

 
300a or b.   Senior Thesis
(1)
The department.
 
301a.   Senior Seminar
(1)
A close examination of current theory in anthropology, oriented around a topic of general interest, such as history and anthropology, the writing of ethnography, or the theory of practice. Students write a substantial paper applying one or more of the theories discussed in class. Readings change from year to year. Ms. Goldstein.
 
305b.   Topics in Advanced Biological Anthropology
(1)
An examination of such topics as primate structure and behavior, the Plio-Pleistocene hominids, the final evolution of Homo sapiens sapiens, forensic anthropology, and human biological diversity.
       May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.
       Prerequisite: Anthropology 232 or by permission of the instructor.
       Topic for 2002/03b: Seminar in Forensic Anthropology and Paleopathology.This course is an advanced introduction to the subfields of Forensic Anthropology, the application of osteological and anthropological techniques to the law and of Paleopathology, the investigation of incidences of trauma, infectious diseases, nutritional deficiencies, and other conditions that leave evidence on human bones. Prominent case studies such as the identification of members of the Russian imperial family of missing American soldiers in East Asia and of recent war-crime victims from Latin America, Africa, and the Balkans, all of which have required the analyses of forensic anthropologists and paleopathologists are reviewed. Ms. Pike-Tay.
 
331a.   Seminar in Archaeological Method and Theory
(1)
(Same as Science, Technology and Society 331) The theoretical underpinnings of anthropological archaeology and the use of theory in studying particular bodies of data. The focus ranges from examination of published datacovering topics such as architecture and society, the origin of complex society, the relationship between technology and ecology to more laboratory-oriented examination of such topics as archaeometry, archaeozoology, or lithic technology.
       Prerequisites: 200-level work in archaeology or by permission of instructor.
       May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.
       Topic for 2002/03a: Technology and Ecology. Examines the interactions between human beings and their environment as mediated by technology from the earliest evidence of toolmaking approximately up to the Industrial Revolution. Includes some experimentation with primitive technologies. Ms. Johnson.
 
350b.   Language and Expressive Culture
(1)
This seminar provides the advanced student with an intensive investigation of theoretical and practical problems in specific areas of research that relate language and linguistics to expressive activity. Although emphasizing linguistic modes of analysis and argumentation, the course is situated at the intersection of important intellectual crosscurrents in the arts, humanities, and social sciences that focus on how culture is produced and projected through not only verbal, but also musical, material, kinaesthetic, and dramatic arts. Each topic culminates in independent research projects.
       May be repeated for credit if the topic has changed.
       Prerequisite: Previous coursework in linguistics or by permission of instructor.
       Topic for 2002/03b: Sound. Taking advantage of the Department of Anthropology's new sound analysis laboratory, this seminar centers on the examination of acoustic, perceptual, and cultural dimensions of aural phenomena. Linguistics is one focal area of the course, in which we pursue both qualitative and quantitative analyses of paralinguistic and prosodic features (pitch, intonation, rhythm, timbre, formants), acoustic phonetics, and especially issues of sound symbolism (onomatopoeia, iconicity, metaphor, and synaesthesia). Additional topics of discussion include relationships between sound structure and social structure as investigated by anthropologists and ethnomusicologists, the cultural history of sour (as encoded in regulatory practices such as public noise ordinances, as well as in architectural and technological designs), and the computer-assisted transcription of linguistic, musical, and other aural phenomena. Students are encouraged to use the lab as a resource for their final research project. Mr. Porcello.
 
360.   Problems in Cultural Analysis
(1)
Covers a variety of current issues in modern anthropology in terms of ongoing discussion among scholars of diverse opinions rather than a rigid body of fact and theory. The department.
       May be repeated for credit if topic has changed.
       Prerequisites: Previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.
       Topic to be announced.
 
361b.   Consumer Culture
(1)
An examination of classic and recent work on the culture of consumption. Among the topics we study are gender and consumption, the creation of value, commodity fetishism, the history of the department store, and the effect of Western goods on non-Western societies. Ms. Goldstein.
       Prerequisite: Previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.
 
362b.   Male and Female in Anthropological Perspective
(1)
The course begins with an overview of the position of men and women according to recent anthropological theory, and in so doing examines how including women affects mainstream anthropological theory. The course compares the classification of sex differences and images of men and women with their social roles. Representations of women in popular culture are studied. The department.
       Prerequisite: Previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.
 
363a.   Nations, Globalization, and Post-Coloniality
(1)
(Same as International Studies 363) How do conditions of globalization and dilemmas of post-coloniality challenge the nation-state? Do they also reinforce and reinvent it? This course engages three related topics and literatures recent anthropology of the nation-state the anthropology of colonial and post-colonial societies and the anthropology of global institutions and global flows. Ms. Kaplan.
       Prerequisite: Previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.
 
[364a.   Tourism]
(1)
Recreational travel to distant places to experience other cultures is becoming big business as tourism achieves the status of one of the leading growth industries world-wide. This course explores this trend, emphasizing the history of tourism, the role played by and the impact of tourism in the process of development, the relationship between tourism and constructions of national and cultural identities and negotiations for power, and the concept "tourist" as it applies to the experience of recreational travelers and ethnographic study and representation alike. Students use ethnographic case studies, novels, essays, historical travel journals, travel brochures, advertisements, and personal narratives, to prepare in-depth analyses and accounts of tourism. Ms. Cohen.
       Prerequisite: Previous coursework in Anthropology or by permission of instructor.
       Not offered in 2002/03.
 
399a or b.   Senior Independent Work
(1/2 or 1)
Individual or group project of reading or research. May be elected during the college year or during the summer. The department.